You are watching: Why was control of the atlantic ocean essential to great britain’s success in world war ii?
A U-boat shells a vendor ship Source: united kingdom Government
Where did it take it place?The battle of the Atlantic took location throughout the northern an ar of the Atlantic Ocean. As soon as the joined States entered the war the fight spread all the way to the coastline the joined States and also the Caribbean Sea.How long did the last?The fight lasted end 5 years and 8 month from September 3, 1939 to might 8, 1945.Early BattlesThe early on battles in the Atlantic heavily favored the Germans. They used their submarines come sneak up on brother ships and also sink them with torpedoes. The Allies didn"t recognize what come do and lost a most ships end the first couple of years of the war.
U-BoatsGerman submarines were dubbed U-boats. This was quick for "Unterseeboot", which intended "undersea boat." The Germans quickly ramped up manufacture of their U-boats and had thousands of submarines patrolling the Atlantic ocean by 1943.
A German U-boat SurfacingSource: uk Government
Allied ConvoysThe Allies do the efforts to respond to the U-boat assaults by travel in huge groups dubbed convoys. They regularly had destroyer warships the would assist to escort them and defend them native attacks. Because that a duration of time in 1941 this technique was relatively effective in helping get plenty of ships with safely come Britain. However, as the Germans built more and an ext submarines the convoys ended up being less successful.
A Convoy cross the AtlanticSource: U.S. Navy Naval history Center
Secret Codes and InnovationsIn 1943 the battle reached that is peak. The Germans had actually a huge number of submarines in the Atlantic, yet the Allies had broken the German mystery codes and had developed new technologies for fighting submarines. The Allies offered radar come tell whereby the pearls were and also special new underwater bombs referred to as Hedgehogs that assisted to destroy the submarines.The fight Turns in donate of the AlliesBy the center of 1943, the battle had turn in favor of the Allies. Indigenous this suggest on in the war, the United says was maybe to much more freely ship gives to an excellent Britain including the big supply of soldiers and also weapons necessary for the Normandy Invasion.
ResultsThe manage of the Atlantic had a significant impact top top the result of the war. Maintaining Britain supplied helped to keep the Germans from acquisition over every one of Western Europe.The losses in the fight were staggering. Over 30,000 sailors were eliminated on each side. The Allies lost approximately 3,500 it is provided ships and also 175 warships. The Germans lost 783 submarines.Interesting Facts about the fight of the AtlanticWinston Churchill an initial called the the "Battle of the Atlantic" in 1941.It was estimated that at the very least 20 supply ships necessary to arrive every day in britain in order because that them to continue to hit the war.The Allies shed 1,664 it is provided ships in 1942.The Germans periodically used a "wolf pack" tactic where a number of submarines would certainly surround and attack a it is provided convoy in ~ once.Allied planes provided a large spotlight called the Leigh irradiate to point out submarines that had surfaced at night.
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|Overview:World war II TimelineAllied Powers and LeadersAxis Powers and LeadersCauses of WW2War in EuropeWar in the PacificAfter the WarBattles:Battle that BritainBattle that the AtlanticPearl HarborBattle of StalingradD-Day (Invasion of Normandy)Battle the the BulgeBattle of BerlinBattle of MidwayBattle that GuadalcanalBattle of Iwo JimaEvents:The HolocaustJapanese Internment CampsBataan death MarchFireside ChatsHiroshima and Nagasaki (Atomic Bomb)War crime TrialsRecovery and also the Marshall Plan||Leaders:Winston ChurchillCharles de GaulleFranklin D. RooseveltHarry S. TrumanDwight D. EisenhowerDouglas MacArthurGeorge PattonAdolf HitlerJoseph StalinBenito MussoliniHirohitoAnne FrankEleanor RooseveltOther:The US home FrontWomen of people War IIAfrican american in WW2Spies and an enig AgentsAircraftAircraft CarriersTechnologyWorld war II Glossary and Terms|
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