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Exam: 08.10 Segment Two Exam74%Score:195 of 265 pointsAnswer KeyConcern 1 (Worth 5 points)(08.04 MC)© 2012 Francis Bourgouin Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 GenericThe picture above is best represents Mikhail Gorbachev"s plan ofperestroikacoup d"étatisolationismcommunismPoints earned on this question: 5Inquiry 2 (Worth 5 points)(07.01 MC)How did other European countries respond to German imperialism and militarism before World War I?They ignored Germany"s militarism and also imperialism in an effort to protect against battle.They introduced a massive attacks on Germany"s naval fleet to limit its naval force.They gathered their supply of arms and made agreements to assistance each other in the occasion ofbattle.They focused on nationalist motions in their very own nations and also rejected armed forces partnerships withothers.Points earned on this question: 5Inquiry 3 (Worth 5 points)(06.01 MC)Why were Creoles in Latin America motivated to revolt versus Spain and also Portugal?They were European-born nobles who wanted to control their very own land also.They wanted to get the power to take part in government.They had actually no social or financial legal rights in Latin America.They were at the incredibly bottom of the social course mechanism.Points earned on this question: 0Inquiry 4 (Worth 5 points)(08.05 MC)A straight impact of the Six-Days War in the Middle East wasthe establishment of a Jewish homeland well-known as IsraelIsrael settling huge tracts of land in the West Bankthe Palestinian recognition of the State of Israelthe signing of the Camp David AccordsPoints earned on this question: 5Inquiry 5 (Worth 5 points)(07.04 LC)What was the outcome of the Munich Conference?Chamberlain appeased Hitler by agreeing to a Nazi takeover of components of Czechoslovakia.Chamberlain rejected Hitler"s repursuits and refsupplied to negotiate through him.Hitler rejected Chamberlain"s attempts to negotiate and also declared war on Czechoslovakia.Hitler appeased Chamberlain by dropping his claims to Czech lands.Points earned on this question: 0Inquiry 6 (Worth 5 points)(08.06 MC)What is the major goal of NAFTA?to get rid of barriers to profession and also investment in between Canada, Mexico and also the U.S.to encertain maximum tax revenue for Canada, Mexico and also the U.S.to proccasion cultural diffusion across nationwide lines in North Americato replace nationwide currencies through a North Amerideserve to variation of the EuroPoints earned on this question: 5Inquiry 7 (Worth 5 points)(07.06 LC)Who was the target of Hitler"s "Final Solution" policy?Nazi soldiersAllied forcesJews in German-inhabited territoriesGerman-speaking individuals in FrancePoints earned on this question: 5Concern 8 (Worth 5 points)(08.05 MC)Why was Mahatma Gandhi"s Salt March so substantial in the struggle for India"s independence?It set the stage for a united India via Muslims and also Hindus living together peacetotally.It united Indians under a widespread battle against the British.It influenced Great Britain to reject the Indian self-reliance activity.It allowed India to gain quick manage of salt production and also profession.Points earned on this question: 5Concern 9 (Worth 5 points)(08.03 MC)Use the map of Korea below to answer the adhering to question:© 2012 Visviva Creative Commons Attribution-Share Aprefer 3.0 UnportedThe white line politically separating Korea representsthe Iron Curtainthe Berlin Warthe 38th parallelthe Demarcation Line of 1954Points earned on this question: 5Inquiry 10 (Worth 5 points)(06.06 MC)The passage below is an excerpt from the speech made by Nelkid Mandela, leader of the AfricanNational Congress in South Africa, upon being released from prison in 1990. Use the passage toanswer the following question:Today, the majority of South Africans, babsence and also white, identify that apartheid has actually no future. It hasto be finished by our very own decisive mass activity in order to construct peace and also defense.Tbelow need to be an finish to white monopoly on political power and a fundamental restructuring of ourpolitical and financial devices to ensure that the inefeatures of apartheid are addressed, and ourculture thoabout democratized.—Nelchild Mandela, Speech on Release from Prison (1990)Which occasion demonstrated that white citizens and also babsence citizens recognized "no future" forapartheid?President F. W. de Klerk put up talks between the ANC and the government.In a national referendum, a majority of both races voted against racial separation.The United Nations passed a resolution versus racial separation and also implemented sanctions.The ANC publically protested segregation via boycotts, demonstrations, and strikes.Points earned on this question: 0Inquiry 11 (Worth 5 points)(06.06 MC)How did F.W. de Klerk influence autonomous recreates in South Africa?He restricted political legal rights to the white minority.He put up talks between the federal government and also the ANC.He motivated the government to outlaw the ANC.He functioned to ensure apartheid endured any civil battle.Points earned on this question: 5Concern 12 (Worth 5 points)(06.06 MC)Throughout the rash of protests in Arab nations that occurred in the spring of 2012, what variable aided therebels that was uneasily accessible in previous decades?rebellion by military personnelsupport from other Arab countriesair assistance from NATOpublic accessibility to social mediaPoints earned on this question: 5Inquiry 13 (Worth 5 points)(06.06 MC)Which of these sparked labor reform and also an extra autonomous government in Jamaica?dissatisfactivity through British preeminence and also the Great Depressionloss of the parliamentary system and also better tariffs on importsabolition of slaexceptionally and greater prices for domestic sugarcanewomen"s suffrage and lack of assistance for the war effortPoints earned on this question: 0Inquiry 14 (Worth 5 points)(07.06 MC)Use the poster listed below to answer the question listed below. The Gerguy message converts to, "This is what thisperson experiencing from hereditary defects expenses the Community of Germans throughout his lifetime. FellowCitizen, that is your money, too."Public DomainWhich of the adhering to principles is sustained by this propaganda poster?The federal government must sponsor even more programs for those via handicap.Under Nazi preeminence, those with impairment will certainly be gave higher care.It costs also a lot money to carry out for those through handicap.The number of special needs care companies in Germany kind of should increase.Points earned on this question: 5Question 15 (Worth 5 points)(08.02 MC)Which of the complying with resulted from the leadership of Mao Zedong?China was led into higher isolation.China began to lead in worldwide profession.The Soviet Union offered assistance to China.Religious freedoms were recovered to citizens.Points earned on this question: 5Inquiry 16 (Worth 5 points)(08.05 MC)How did the dominion of Francois "Papa Doc" Duvalier impact Haiti?Haiti came to be an extra secure country.Many kind of Haitians left the nation to escape absupplies and also poor economic conditions.Haiti ended up being a much more autonomous country.Successful financial and also political reforms attracted many immigrants to Haiti.Haiti ended up being an extra financially effective country.Points earned on this question: 5Concern 17 (Worth 5 points)(05.01 MC)Use the map below reflecting the religious beliefs of Europe around 1600 to answer the complying with question:© 2012 The Exploration CompanyHow does this map reflect the causes of the Thirty Years" War?Muslims conquered Europe, resulting in problems with followers of other religious beliefs.Roman Catholics and Anglicans combated for control of Ireland.Lutherans from Northern Europe waged battle to carry their faith to the south.Germany kind of was largely Roman Catholic, causing Protestants in the region to revolt.Points earned on this question: 5Question 18 (Worth 5 points)(07.06 MC)The Khmer Rouge in Cambodia was generally an outcome ofan extreme political ideologya religious wara swift change from an agricultural to commercial economyan ethnic conflictPoints earned on this question: 5Question 19 (Worth 5 points)(07.04 LC)How did the Soviet forces respond to Operation Barbarossa?They concentrated on battles in France, allowing the Gerguy army to capture Moscow.They surrounded the Germale army and beat them at Stalingrad.They ignored German advances, concentrating instead on the Italian intrusion.They released air raids on Moscow to proccasion the Germale army from taking the arms storedthere.Points earned on this question: 5Inquiry 20 (Worth 5 points)(08.07 LC)The PATRIOT Act was passed by the U.S. Congress in 2002 in response tothe Oklahoma City bombingthe September 11 terrorist attacksthe London Underground bombingcomes to over anthrax attacks and also bioterrorismPoints earned on this question: 5Inquiry 21 (Worth 5 points)(08.01 LC)Throughout the Cold War the Soviet Union supported government control of production while the UnitedStates supportedprivate investmentcommunal farmslabor unionsarms buildingPoints earned on this question: 5Question 22 (Worth 5 points)(06.03 MC)The passage listed below is an excerpt from Robert Owen"s A New View of Society (1813—1816). Use thepassage to answer the following question:Proceed systematically on ethics of…kindness, yet retaining and also making use of, through the leastern possibleseverity, the suggests of restraining crime from immediately injuring society, and by degrees also thecrimes currently existing in the adults will also slowly disshow up.—Public DomainWhich concept, described in this passage, was rejected by Karl Marx?laissez-faire economicsclassical liberalismcommunismutopian socialismPoints earned on this question: 0Question 23 (Worth 5 points)(06.02 MC)How did the innovation of the cotton gin add to the Industrial Revolution?It allowed multiple cotton threads to be spun at the same time, raising the high quality of cottonfabric.It made it feasible for 2 civilization to operate a impend, decreasing the number of factory workersessential.It produced more resilient cotton thcheck out that was not blended through linen, making it much less expensiveto create.It streamlined the process of rerelocating seeds from cotton fibers, increasing in the manufacturing ofraw cotton.Points earned on this question: 5Question 24 (Worth 5 points)(05.01 MC)Use the map below that mirrors the populations of European nations to answer the followingquestion:© 2012 RokeCreative Commons, Attribution-Share Afavor 3.0 UnportedWhich of the adhering to conclusions is sustained by the map?Eastern European countries are more lived in than western European nations.The leastern populous European nations have a populace listed below one million.Countries that are surrounded by bodies of water are the many heavily populated.Many European nations have actually a population over 80 million.Points earned on this question: 0Concern 25 (Worth 5 points)(08.01 LC)Why did President Eisenhower produce the National Aeronautics and also Gap Administration (NASA)?to contend via the Soviet area programto save the homeland safe from international attackto produce an extra powerful weapon than an atomic bombto proccasion nuclear arms buildingPoints earned on this question: 5Question 26 (Worth 5 points)(05.06 LC)What historic occasion adjusted Napoleon"s identity from that of a conqueror to that of a failure?the Battle of Borodinothe Battle of Waterloothe Concert of Europethe Coup of BrumairePoints earned on this question: 5Concern 27 (Worth 5 points)(07.03 MC)Economic problems after World War I led toan enhanced interest in overseas imperialism by European nationsa rise in authoritarian governments and fascism in Europethe successful implementation of The Treaty of Versaillesa sense of isolationism among the nations of EuropePoints earned on this question: 5Inquiry 28 (Worth 5 points)(06.02 MC)The adhering to lines are from English poet William Blake"s popular hymn "Jerusalem." The phrase"the countenance divine" indicates "the confront of God." Use the lines to answer the following question:And did the countenance divineShine forth upon our clouded hills?And was Jerusalem builded hereAmongst those dark Satanic mills?Why does Blake refer to the mills as "dark Satanic"?He thought that they enhanced reliance on international profession.He believed that they were bring about social and eco-friendly injury.He believed that they curbed the expansion of farming spaces in significant cities.He believed that they conflicted with democratic worths.Points earned on this question: 5Question 29 (Worth 5 points)(07.05 MC)Japan surrendered within days afterEmperor Hirohito was dethronedGermany"s total surrenderan atom bomb was dropped on Nagasakithe Soviets gotten in the war in the PacificPoints earned on this question: 5Inquiry 30 (Worth 5 points)(07.02 MC)Why did Germany strongly oppose the terms of the Treaty of Versailles?The terms outlined severe economic results for Germany.The United Nations had not obtained the support of its member countries for this treaty.Objection stemmed from the truth that the United States would not ratify the treaty.Germany kind of denied its use of submarine warfare during World War I.Points earned on this question: 5Question 31 (Worth 5 points)(05.03 LC)Who created The Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy and also found the force of gravity?René DescartesIsaac NewtonTycho BraheNicholas CopernicusPoints earned on this question: 5Inquiry 32 (Worth 5 points)(07.03 MC)A common trait in the climb to power of Hitler and Mussolini was that they bothfinished joblessness universallyremoved all various other political partiessustained liberty of the pressurged labor unionsPoints earned on this question: 5Concern 33 (Worth 5 points)(05.05 LC)What did Enlightenment theorist Montesquieu argue in his book The Spirit of the Laws?federal governments must be split into three branchesgovernments should regulate individual rightsfederal governments should limit public educationfederal governments should pass regulations to protect slaveryPoints earned on this question: 5Question 34 (Worth 5 points)(08.01 MC)Use the map listed below to answer the complying with question:© 2012 Mosedschurte Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0From this map, you have the right to determine thatSoviet influences spread across Eastern Europe sharply during and also after World War IIthe number of Soviet satellite says lessened significantly best after World War IIafter World War II the territories of Germany were regulated by the Soviet UnionGermany and also the Soviet Union common areas across Europe after World War IIPoints earned on this question: 5Inquiry 35 (Worth 5 points)(05.05/6 HC)How did Baron de Montesquieu"s ideas affect the advancement of the United StatesConstitution?The prominence of establishing a social contract in between the world and also the governmentaffected the framing of the USA Constitution.The importance of ensuring no one perboy or branch in government hosted all the powerinfluenced the framing of the United States Constitution.The prestige of limiting the herbal self-interest of human beings affected the framing ofthe United States Constitution.The importance of reasserting the divine right of the monarchy to preeminence affected the framing oftheUSA Constitution.Points earned on this question: 5Inquiry 36 (Worth 5 points)(05.05 LC)How did the Reformation add to the birth of the Enlightenment?it challenged the typical authority of the Churchit encouraged observation, hypothesis, and experimentationit rejected clintends of corruption in the Churchit promoted Biblical text as the just resource of knowledgePoints earned on this question: 0Inquiry 37 (Worth 5 points)(06.04 HC)How is the lasting negative influence of imperialism many apparent in the 2first century?Former British nests now belengthy to the British Republic.Many type of previous colonies refuse to industrialize.Borders produced by imperialist countries have caused modern-day ethnic tensions.Many type of national leaders in previously colonized nations take on democracy.Points earned on this question: 5Question 38 (Worth 5 points)(06.06 MC)How were the self-reliance motions in Vietnam and Kenya similar?Both nations accomplished self-reliance from British dominion.Both motions associated violent problems.Both nations were abandoned throughout the battle.Both motions were uneffective because of civil battles.Points earned on this question: 0Question 39 (Worth 5 points)(08.06 MC)Why did suburbs in the United States grow in the period after World War II?lack of jobs in urban locations because of financial recession sent out Americans searching for work in thesuburbsabsence of real estate in cities because of lingering battle damages led Americans to abandon urban homesgovernment programs compelled families from cities to clear up rural areasgrowing families relocated out of crowded urban locations to seek more spacePoints earned on this question: 0Inquiry 40 (Worth 5 points)(07.02 MC)How did gas warfare readjust the confront of combat in the time of World War I?Soldiers had actually to wear special masks to protect themselves.It replaced the use of air raids and machine weapons in fight.It resulted in mass armed forces desertions on the battlefields.Chemicals such as mustard gas reput trench warfare.Points earned on this question: 0Inquiry 41 (Worth 5 points)(08.06 MC)Which of the adhering to is an instance of cultural diffusion?womales in North Africa wearing jeans and blazerswomales in India wearing aboriginal dress or sariskids in Ecuador helping via family members businessyoungsters in America singing the nationwide anthemPoints earned on this question: 5Question 42 (Worth 5 points)(06.04 LC)What brought about the First Opium War?Chinese confiscation and destruction of British opiumChinese support for the Boxer RebellionBritish initiatives to boost opium pricesBritish attempts to force China to accept opium as paymentPoints earned on this question: 5Inquiry 43 (Worth 5 points)(06.05 MC)Which of the complying with was an result complying with German unification?The European balance of power damaged dvery own.Austria ended up being component of Germany kind of.Germans had no require for diplomacy.Cavour took over as Germale Chancellor.Points earned on this question: 0Inquiry 44 (Worth 5 points)(08.07 LC)What is the major goal of religious fundamentalism?to pressure the widespread practice of a religious beliefs in a certain regionto bring the faith back to its core worths and teachingsto spcheck out spiritual beliefs and also views via acts of violenceto encertain the exercise of religious tolerance in a details regionPoints earned on this question: 0Inquiry 45 (Worth 5 points)(05.04 LC)Early computers took up whole rooms. Which of these drastically reduced the size of computers?microchipstransistorscompact discsdigital-video discsPoints earned on this question: 5Question 46 (Worth 5 points)(05.02 MC)What role did religious beliefs play in absolute and also constitutional monarchies?Priests led the activity for constitutional monarchy bereason absolute kings restricted theChurch"s power.Constitutional kings were all Catholic, while absolute kings had many kind of faiths.Absolute monarchy went versus Protestant ideas, resulting in civilization to assistance constitutionalmonarchy.Absolute queens believed in the magnificent right to preeminence, while constitutional monarchies gaveeven more spiritual flexibility.Points earned on this question: 0Inquiry 47 (Worth 5 points)(05.03 MC)In what means did Descartes" philosophy of science obstacle medieval views?Descartes sassist that God can be uncovered and analyzed in the same way that a device could be.Descartes emphasized the duty of doubt, while medieval thinkers emphasized the duty of faith.Descartes rejected spiritual belief and also sassist that the visible world is the just human being that exists.Descartes thought faith was the only route to reality, while medieval thinkers rejected the Scriptures.Points earned on this question: 5Question 48 (Worth 5 points)(08.06 MC)How are arisen nations and also arising nations similar?Both take part in in multinational teams.Both experience high death prices.Both endure high birth prices.Both have huge industrial bases.Points earned on this question: 0Concern 49 (Worth 5 points)(05.06 MC)Which financial element was a chief reason of the French Revolution?France did not have actually a middle course.The First and also 2nd Esays were much less rich than the Third Estate.King Louis XVI refsupplied to share taxation revenue via nobles.The burden of taxes in France fell generally on the Third Estate.Points earned on this question: 5Inquiry 50 (Worth 5 points)(05.03 MC)How did Renaissance humanism prepare the means for the Scientific Revolution?Essay Submission(your name)The clinical rdevelopment paved the method to the enlightenment by breaking thedependence of study on the church, and introducing the scientific approach as a method offinding out fact with testing quite than magnificent revelation.Points earned on this question: 5Inquiry 51 (Worth 5 points)(05.05 HC)How did Enlightenment concepts affect contemporary beliefs about the prominence of education? Supportyour answer through particular examples and proof from the lessons.Essay Submission(your name)Enlightenment affected modern-day education and learning by going ameans from divine explanations toempirical explanations. In Science, no much longer did civilization look toward god, however theylooked towards math and also data to explain the civilization about them.Points earned on this question: 5Concern 52 (Worth 10 points)(07.07 MC)Why was NATO developed adhering to World War II?Essay Submission(your name)The North Atlantic Treaty Organization was developed in 1949 by the USA,Canada, and also numerous Western European nations to carry out collective defense versus theSoviet Union. NATO was the first peacetime military alliance the United States enteredinto exterior of the Western Hemispright here.Points earned on this question: 10