5) i m sorry of the following statements around members of the Kingdom Plantae is FALSE?

A) They are multicellular.

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B) They are composed of eukaryotic bio cells.

C) They undergo photosynthesis.

D) They use organic carbon sources.

E) lock synthesize organic molecules.

6) i beg your pardon of the following statements about the members the the Kingdom Animalia is FALSE?

A) They are multicellular.

B) They space composed of eukaryotic cells.

C) They undergo photosynthesis.

D) castle ingest nutrients with a mouth.

E) They space heterotrophs.

7) A genus can best be defined as

A) a taxon composed of families.

B) a taxon written of one or more species and a group level lying listed below family.

C) a taxon belonging come a species.

D) a taxon consisted of of classes.

E) the most specific taxon.

8) A bacterial species differs indigenous a varieties of eukaryotic organisms in that a bacterial species

A) does no breed with various other species.

B) has a limited geographical distribution.

C) have the right to be distinguished from other bacterial species.

D) is a population of cells with comparable characteristics.

E) breeds v its very own species.

9) which of the following is the ideal evidence for a three-domain system?

A) Nucleotide sequences in ribosome RNA vary between all 3 domains.

B) There space three distinctly various sets of metabolic reactions.

C) There are three distinctly different Gram reactions.

D) some bacteria live in excessive environments.

E) There are three patent different types of nuclei.

10) A biochemical test, in the microbiology world, is provided to determine

A) staining characteristics.

B) amino acid sequences that enzymes.

C) main point acid-base composition of DNA sequences.

D) ability of a microbe to execute a particular enzymatic activity.

E) every one of the answers space correct.

11) i beg your pardon of the complying with is NOT based on nucleic-acid hybridization?

A) DNA chip



D) southerly blotting

E) western blotting

12) The phylogenetic classification of bacteria is based on

A) cabinet morphology.

B) Gram reaction.

C) rRNA sequences.

D) habitat.

E) diseases.

13) i m sorry of the following statements is a reason for no classifying viruses in one of the three

domains of life (Bacteria, Archaea, Eukarya) quite than in a 4th separate domain?

A) part viruses deserve to incorporate their genome into a host"s genome.

B) Viruses direct anabolic pathways of organize cells.

C) Viruses are obligate parasites.

D) Viruses space not written of cells.

E) every one of the answers are correct.

14) i m sorry of the adhering to provides taxonomic details that contains the information derived in the others listed?

A) nucleic mountain hybridization

B) main point acid-base composition

C) amino mountain sequencing

D) biochemical tests

E) cladogram

15) Fossil evidence indicates that prokaryotes cells first existed ~ above the Earth

A) 350 year ago.

B) 3500 year ago.

C) 35000 year ago.

D) 3.5 billion year ago.

E) 3.5 × 1012years ago.


16) In figure 10.1, varieties "c." is most very closely related come which that the following?

A) a

B) b

C) c

D) d

E) e


17) In number 10.1, the the next ancestor because that both varieties "a." and types "b." would be i m sorry of the following?

A) 1

B) 2

C) 3

D) 4

E) 5

18) Protists space a diverse group of organisms the are similar in

A) rRNA sequences.

B) metabolic type.

C) motility.

D) ecology.

E) nobody of the answers is correct.

19) In the clinical name Enterobacter aerogenes, Enterobacter is the

A) particular epithet.

B) genus.

C) family.

D) order.

E) kingdom.

20) The setup of organisms into taxa

A) shows levels of relatedness in between organisms.

B) reflects relationships to usual ancestors.

C) to be designed by Charles Darwin.

D) is arbitrary.

E) is based upon evolution.

21) Bacteria and Archaea are comparable in i beg your pardon of the following?

A) peptidoglycan cell walls

B) methionine as the begin signal for protein synthesis

C) sensitivity to antibiotics

D) considered prokaryotic cells

E) plasma membrane ester linkage

22) i m sorry of the following best defines a stress, overload in microbiological terms?

A) a pure culture that is not entirely identical to other cultures of the same species

B) a group of organisms v a limited geographical distribution

C) a mixed populace of cells,genetically distinct, yet with highly similar phenotypic characteristics

D) teams of cell all acquired from and identical come a solitary parent species

E) very same as a species

23) Serological trial and error is based on the fact that

A) all bacteria have actually the exact same antigens.

B) antitoxin react specifically with one antigen.

C) the person body renders antibodies against bacteria.

D) antibodies cause the development of antigens.

E) bacteria clump with each other when combined with any type of antibodies.

24) Phage typing is based upon the truth that

A) bacteria are damaged by viruses.

B) viruses cause disease.

C) bacterial viruses strike only members that a particular species.

D) Staphylococcus causes infections.

E) phages and bacteria are related.

25) organism A has 70 mole % G+C, and organism B has actually 40 moles % G+C. Which of the following can it is in concluded from this data?

A) The two organisms room related.

B) The 2 organisms are unrelated.

C) The organisms make entirely different enzymes.

D) Their main point acids will fully hybridize.

E) none of the answer is correct.

26) Nucleic mountain hybridization is based upon the truth that

A) the strands that DNA can be separated.

B) a chromosome is written of safety strands.

C) pairing in between complementary bases occurs.

D) DNA is written of genes.

E) all cells have actually DNA.

27) among the most popular taxonomic tools is DNA fingerprinting to construct profiles of organisms. This profiles carry out direct information about

A) enzymatic activities.

B) protein composition.

C) the existence of specific genes.

D) antigenic composition.

E) the similarities in between nucleotide sequences.

28) every one of the following statements are reasons why fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) has come to be a beneficial tool for environmental microbiologists EXCEPT

A) it permits for detection that uncultured microbes.

B) it demonstrates the diversity that microbes in an environment.

C) it permits observation that microbes in their natural atmosphere in association with other microbes.

D) it permits one to obtain pure societies of microbes.

E) all of the answers space correct.

29) which of the adhering to criteria is most useful in identify whether two organisms space related?

A) Both ferment lactose.

B) Both space gram-positive.

C) Both are motile.

D) Both are aerobic.

E) every answer is same important.

30) A clone is

A) genetically similar cells obtained from a solitary cell.

B) a genetically engineered cell.

C) a taxon composed of species.

D) a mound of cells on one agar medium.

E) none of the answers is correct.


In figure 10.2, which number shows the most closely related organisms?

A) a

B) b

C) c

D) d

E) e


32) In Table 10.1, which functions are found in practically all eukarya?

A) 2, 3, 5

B) 1, 4, 6

C) 3, 5

D) 2, 3

E) 1, 2, 5


33) In Table 10.1, i beg your pardon feature(s) is (are) uncovered only in prokaryotes?

A) 1, 2, 3

B) 4, 6

C) 2

D) 1

E) 2, 4, 5

34) into which team would you place a multicell heterotroph through chitin cabinet walls?

A) Animalia

B) Archaea

C) Bacteria

D) Fungi

E) Plantae


In number 10.3, which two are most very closely related?

A) 1 and 3

B) 2 and 4

C) 3 and also 5

D) 2 and also 5

E) 4 and also 5

36) right into which group would you place a photosynthetic cell that lacks a nucleus?

A) Animalia

B) Bacteria

C) Fungi

D) Plantae

E) Protista

37) You found a unicellular organism the lacks a nucleus and peptidoglycan. You suspect the biology is in the group

A) Animalia.

B) Archaea.

C) Bacteria.

D) Fungi.

E) Plantae.

38) right into which team would you place a unicellular biology that has actually 70S ribosomes and a peptidoglycan cell wall?

A) Animalia

B) Bacteria

C) Fungi

D) Plantae

E) Protist


39) use the dichotomous crucial in Table 10.2 to identify a gram-negative cell that ferments lactose and uses citric acid as its sole carbon source.

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A) Citrobacter

B) Escherichia

C) Lactobacillus

D) Pseudomonas

E) Staphylococcus


40) use the dichotomous an essential in Table 10.2 to determine a gram-negative coccus.

A) Neisseria

B) Pseudomonas

C) Staphylococcus

D) Streptococcus

E) Micrococcus

41) right into which team would you place a multicellular organism that has a mouth and also lives within the human liver?

A) Animalia

B) Fungi

C) Plantae

D) Firmicutes (gram-positive bacteria)

E) Proteobacteria (gram-negative bacteria)

42) right into which team would you ar a photosynthesis organism that lacks a nucleus and has a slim peptidoglycan wall surrounded through an outer membrane?

A) Animalia

B) Fungi

C) Plantae

D) Firmicutes (gram-positive bacteria)

E) Proteobacteria (gram-negative bacteria)


In the cladogram displayed in figure 10.4, which two organisms space most carefully related?

A) Streptomyces and also Micrococcus

B) Micrococcus and Mycobacterium

C) Mycobacterium and Lactobacillus

D) Streptomyces and Lactobacillus

E) Streptomyces and also Mycobacterium

44) i m sorry of the following attributes indicates that 2 organisms are very closely related?