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WAR manufacturing BOARD.

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During world War II the War production Board (WPB) was granted supreme authority to straight procurement of materials and industrial manufacturing programs. Developed by executive Order 9024 top top January 16, 1942, the WPB replaced the it is provided Priorities and Allocation Board and also the Office of production Management. The nationwide WPB made up the chair (Donald M. Nelson, 1942–44; Julius A. Krug, 1944–45) appointed by the president, the secretaries the war, navy, and agriculture, the federal loan administrator, lieutenant general in charge of battle department production, administrator of the office the price administration, chair of the board of economic warfare, and also special assistant come the chairman who oversaw the defense aid program. The board created advisory, policy-making, and also progress-reporting divisions.

The WPB managed twelve regional offices. Region eight with headquarters in Dallas, Texas, consisted of Oklahoma. The WPB additionally operated one hundreds twenty field offices transparent the nation, consisting of Oklahoma City district office managed by C. F. Aurand. In might 1943 Aurand announced the the state war manufacturing board and also its smaller war plants division would end up being two different agencies. The state WPB ongoing to preserve records top top the state"s war manufacturing facilities and their production capacity, while the smaller sized War tree Corporation helped tiny Oklahoma businesses (companies v fewer than 5 hundred employees) achieve war contracts and also loans.

During people War II Oklahoma war infrastructure manufactured aircraft, weapons, ammunition, explosives, chemicals, aviation gasoline, and also petroleum products. Oklahoma factories additionally produced ship components such together masts and valves. Harter Marblecrete stone Company the Oklahoma City had a government contract in overabundance of $100,000 to create M-85 concrete exercise bombs supplied by the U.S. Army Air Forces. Wilhelm O. Coleman, smaller War plants Corporation district manager, proclaimed that Harter had been granted the biggest contract to an separation, personal, instance firm in the joined States. Wartime needs developed a sector for box chicken, thereby helping Oklahoma"s poultry industry and employing canning manufacturing facility workers. In April 1945 a Tulsa ordnance plant gained a $2.4 million federal contract to manufacture ninety-millimeter shells.

The nationwide WPB"s primary task was converting civilian market to war production. The plank assigned priorities and allocated scarce products such together steel, aluminum, and rubber, prohibited nonessential industrial tasks such as developing nylons and also refrigerators, controlled wages and prices, and mobilized the people through propaganda such as "give her scrap metal and aid Oklahoma boys save our method of life." In September 1942 Oklahoma papers publicized a statewide project for scrap steel collection to run from September 28 to October 17. N. D. Welty, publisher of the Bartlesville Examiner and Enterprise, to be selected to direct the drive. The scrap metal built up in each county was offered to authorized junk dealers, and the proceeds went to a worthy reason designated by every county scrap metal committee. Children participated in the drive by pass scrap steel to repertoire points in ~ schools. Two weeks into the project Oklahoma ranked seventeenth in the country with collection averaging seventeen pounds per human for a total of 19,139 tons. As soon as the journey closed ~ above October 17, Oklahoma ranked twenty-seventh with an mean of seventy pounds gathered per person, compared to a national mean of practically eighty-two pounds every person.

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The WPB and the nation"s factories effected a an excellent turnaround to war production. The building of military aircraft that totaled six thousand in 1940 jumped to eighty-five thousand in 1943. Factories that had manufactured silk ribbons created parachutes, vehicle factories developed tanks, typewriter providers converted to machine guns, undergarment manufacturers sewed mosquito netting, and also a roller coaster manufacturer converted to the production of bomber repair platforms. Factories were increased and new ones built. In Oklahoma new construction occurred in Beckett, Chouteau, McAlester, Pryor, Ponca City, Tulsa, and also Oklahoma City. The Douglas Aircraft agency built a bomber plant in Tulsa and a basic in Midwest City. The plants went into production in 1942 and also 1943, respectively. The U.S. Naval Ammunition Depot in McAlester, built in 1942, employed much more than eight thousands in 1945. The WPB ensured the each factory received products it essential to operate, in bespeak to develop the most war products in the shortest time.

From 1942 come 1945 the WPB command the production of $185 billion worth of armament and also supplies. In July 1945 the WPB reported the $222 million had been allocated to Oklahoma battle facilities. At war"s end, most production restrictions easily lifted, and also the WPB was abolished ~ above November 3, 1945, v its remaining features transferred to the Civilian manufacturing Administration.