USS Kearsarge (CV-33, later CVA-33 and also CVS-33), 1946-1974USS Kearsarge, a 27,100-ton Ticonderoga class aircraft carrier, was constructed at the brand-new York marine Yard. She was commissioned in in march 1946 and spent her an initial year of business in maintain operations in the west Atlantic and Caribbean. Throughout the later 1940s, Kearsarge made 2 trips come Europe, the very first a summer 1947 midshipmen maintain cruise and also the 2nd a mid-1948 deployment to the Mediterranean Sea. In early 1950, the carrier was moved to the west coast, wherein she decommissioned in June for considerable modernization work.

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Recommissioned in February 1952, Kearsarge now had actually a stronger flight deck, brand-new island and many other transforms to she appearance and also capabilities. She made a korean War combat cruise in September 1952 - February 1953, throughout which time she to be reclassified together an strike aircraft carrier and redesignated CVA-33. Native mid-1953 come 1958, Kearsarge had regular tours the duty through the saturday Fleet in the much East. Her 1955 deployment consisted of supporting the conference Chinese evacuation the the Tachen Islands. The carrier to be again modernized in 1956-57, receiving an angled flight deck and enclosed "hurricane" bow to much better equip her to operate high-performance aircraft.Kearsarge was assigned a new role in October 1958, ending up being an antisubmarine war (ASW) assistance aircraft carrier, with the new designation CVS-33. In that capacity, she activate ASW fixed-wing airplanes and helicopters to safeguard the fleet against the risk of hostile underwater attack. Continuous Seventh Fleet deployments ongoing through the late 1950s and the 1960s, consisting of indirect involvement in the Vietnam Conflict. In 1962 and also 1963, Kearsarge brought out a brand-new mission, serving as recovery ship for the orbit flights the astronauts Walter Schirra and also Gordon Cooper. Made redundant by the basic fleet drawdown that the so late 1960s and early 1970s, USS Kearsarge was decommissioned in February 1970. Adhering to three years in the make reservation Fleet, she to be stricken from the navy Vessel it is registered in may 1973 and sold for scrapping in February 1974.

This page attributes selected views of USS Kearsarge (CV/CVA/CVS-33).Official U.S. Marine Photographs, indigenous the collections of the Naval historical Center.Click on the tiny photograph come prompt a bigger view that the exact same image.
photo #: NH 97402USS Kearsarge (CV-33)In a harbor during the later 1940s, v her crew paraded ~ above the trip deck for inspection. photograph #: NH 97403USS Kearsarge (CVA-33)With two AJ "Savage" heavy attack aircraft ~ above her trip deck, complying with her SCB-27A modernization, circa 1952-55. photo #: USN 1107965Two A-4C "Skyhawk" aircraft,of strike Squadron 146 (VA-146)Fly past USS Kearsarge (CVS-33), 12 august 1964.These planes, native USS Constellation (CVA-64), space Bureau #s 149551 and also 149570. picture #: USN 1117602USS Kearsarge (CVS-33)At sea, 12 December 1965. She has actually nine A-4 strike jets top top her trip deck, and one S-2 anti-submarine plane. photograph #: KN-13416USS Kearsarge (CVS-33)Underway in Hawaiian waters, 5 July 1966, with S-2 and E-1B airplanes and also SH-3 helicopters on her trip deck. photograph #: KN-18336USS Kearsarge (CVS-33)Underway in the Pacific Ocean, 5 December 1968. photo #: NH 97404"Sigma 7" project "Mercury" an are CapsuleIs towed towards USS Kearsarge (CVS-33) because that pickup, ~ its orbital flight with astronaut (Commander, USN) Walter Schirra on board, 16 October 1962.Note rescue swimmer top top the capsule"s flotation collar, and a Kearsarge 26-foot engine whaleboat standing by. picture #: USN 1124878Sikorski SH-3A "Sea King" helicopters,of Helicopter Anti-Submarine Squadron six (HS-6)Lift off from the trip deck the USS Kearsarge (CVS-33) as she start Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, 27 June 1967. The USS Arizona Memorial is in the distance.Helicopter at left is office # 152124.Photographed through PH3 B.L. Kleckner. photograph #: NH 69774USS Kearsarge (CVA-33)Decommissioning party salutes the colors, as Kearsarge goes the end of commission because that the critical time, at long Beach, California, 13 February 1970.Those current are (from left come right):Captain Frederick W. Zigler, USN, Commanding Officer, naval Inactive Ship maintain Facility;Rear Admiral Norman C. Gillette, USN, commander Anti-Submarine Warfare group Three;Rear Admiral william T. Rassieur, USN(Retired), previous Commanding Officer of the ship;Captain Leonard M. Nearman, USN, ship"s Commanding Officer; andMr. C.E. (Gene) Gallman, representing the market of lengthy Beach.

SCB-27 modernization of Essex/Ticonderoga class aircraft carriers, (CV 9-12, 14-16, 18-20, 31, 33-34, 38-39)(work completed in between 1950 and also 1955)

Between 1947 and 1955, fifteen Essex and Ticonderoga course aircraft carriers were thoroughly modernized. The brewing arrival that high-performance jet aircraft and also nuclear-armed heavy strike bombers had actually rendered this still rather brand-new ships nearly incapable of executing your most an important missions, while the post-World battle II gaue won climate precluded structure replacements. Accordingly, a restoration program began in budget Year 1948, v the incomplete Oriskany as the prototype. Two much more ships were converted the following year, three in FY 1950 and also then, v the the Cold war in complete bloom, nine an ext Fiscal years 1951 to 1953.

Designated SCB-27, the modernization was very extensive, inquiry some 2 years for each carrier. To take care of much heavier, quicker aircraft, trip deck framework was massively reinforced. More powerful elevators, much more powerful catapults, and brand-new arresting gear was installed. The original 4 twin 5"/38 pistol mounts to be removed. The brand-new five-inch gun battery included eight weapons, two on each quarter beside the flight deck. Pair 3"/50 gun mounts changed the 40mm guns, offering much greater effectiveness through the use of proximity-fuzed ammunition.

A distinctive new feature was a taller, much shorter island. To far better protect aircrews, all set rooms were moved to listed below the armored hangar deck, v a large escalator top top the starboard next amidships to move airmen approximately the flight deck. Internally, aviation petrol storage was raised by nearly half and that pumping capacity enhanced. Also improved were electric generating power, fire protection, and weapons stowage and handling facilities. All this added considerable weight: displacement boosted by some twenty percent. Blisters were fitted come the hull political parties to compensate, widening waterline beam through eight to ten feet. The ships additionally sat reduced in the water, and maximum rate was contempt diminished.

The modernized ships come in two flavors, the first nine (SCB-27A) having actually a pair that H 8 hydraulic catapults, the most an effective available in the so late "40s. The last six obtained the SCB-27C update, v much much more potent heavy steam catapults, one of two beforehand 1950s British advances that considerably improved aircraft carrier potential. These six were rather heavier, and also wider, 보다 their sisters. While still in the shipyards, three of the SCB-27Cs were further modified under the SCB-125 project, receiving the second British concept, the angled flight deck, to add an enclosed "hurricane bow" and also other improvements. These features were so valuable that castle were shortly back-fitted to all yet one (Lake Champlain) that the various other SCB-27 ships. The fourteen fully modernized units were the "journeymen" aviation pearl of the late 1950s and also 1960s, giving the navy with much of its attack aircraft carrier (CVA) force and, ultimately, all its anti-submarine warfare assistance aircraft carriers (CVS).

The SCB-27 program affiliated rebuilding fifteen ships, three of which were given a combined SCB-27 and also SCB-125 modernization.

Essex/Ticonderoga course characteristics, as modified under job SCB-27A:

Displacement: 40,600 tons (full load)Dimensions: 898" (length overall); 101" 4" (hull); 151" 11" (over trip deck and projections)Powerplant: 150,000 horsepower, heavy steam turbines, four propellers, 31.7 node maximum speedAircraft ("ultimate" plan 1958 complement): 72 planes, consisting of 24 15,000 pound interceptors, 24 30,000 lb escort fighters and 24 30,000 pound strike bombers. The actual plane complement carried was rather different.Gun Armament: eight 5"/38 weapons in single mountings add to fourteen pair 3"/50 gun mounts. Native the mid-1950s onward, gun armament was promptly reduced.

SCB-125 modernization of Essex/Ticonderoga course aircraft carriers, (CVA/CVS 9-12, 14-16, 18-20, 31, 33-34, & 38)(work completed between 1955 and 1959)

Between 1954 and 1959, fourteen modernized Essex and Ticonderoga class aircraft carrier of the SCB-27 form were further updated under the SCB-125 program. This work, incorporating brand-new features not recognized or embraced when the previously scheme to be originated in the later 1940s, greatly magnified seakeeping and high-performance plane operations. Maybe the most significant new attribute to be the British-developed "angled flight deck", in i beg your pardon the carrier"s plane landing area was slanted several degrees off to port, enabling aircraft to conveniently "go around" in the event of recovery difficulties. The benefits this brought to transport aviation operation safety can hardly it is in overemphasized.

Another significant SCB-125 modification included relocating the after aircraft elevator native the centerline to the starboard deck edge, greatly facilitating plane handling. In fact, this readjust had currently been made on the last 6 of the SCB-27s, the steam-catapult SCB-27C type, the last three the which received both modernization schemes in the exact same shipyard session. Mix the trip deck"s forward end into the top hull form, producing the so-called "hurricane" bow, constituted the final far-ranging change. This concept, already adopted for the Forrestal class "super carriers" climate under construction, improved seakeeping in unstable seas. That also detailed a covered location for the carriers" an additional conning station, whose portholes, visible across the upper bow plating, to be a distinctive function of the refitted ships.

Though the SCB-125 program significantly adjusted the ships" appearance, the scope of the work was much less than that of SCB-27 and also generally took 7 or eight months" shipyard time, quite than the 2 years or much more that was common of the earlier modernization. The exception was Oriskany, the SCB-27 prototype and the last to get the SCB-125 treatment. Uniquely, she had her hydraulic catapults changed with an ext powerful steam species and received plenty of other enhancements in a reconstruction that it is long twenty-eight month in 1957-59.

As conveniently as new carriers and heavy steam catapult conversions joined the fleet during the later "50s, the 7 SCB-125 hydraulic catapult ships to be reassigned come the anti-submarine mission, instead of unmodernized carriers. 4 of the seven vapor catapult carriers also became ASW ships throughout the 1960s, though few of these operated really little, if at all, in the role. Most of the ASW ships obtained SQS-23 long-range sonars in 1960-66. Ripe ships left active service in 1969-71, as significant reductions in fleet stamin were implemented. Three much more decommissioned in 1972-74. Hancock and also Oriskany lasted into the middle-"70s, and also the veteran Lexington continued to be operational together training carrier until 1991. All four of the Essex class museum ships space of the modernized SCB-27/SCB-125 configuration.

The SCB-125 program associated the additional rebuilding of fourteen ships, as noted below in the bespeak of the completion of this work:

Kearsarge (CVA/CVS-33). Hydraulic catapults. Obtained SCB-125 refit in 1956-57.

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Essex/Ticonderoga class characteristics, together modified under project SCB-125 with vapor catapults:

Displacement: 43,060 lots (full load)Dimensions: 894" 6" (length overall); 103" (hull); 166" 10" (over flight deck and also projections)Powerplant: 150,000 horsepower, heavy steam turbines, 4 propellers, 30.7 node maximum speedAircraft: (as assault Carrier) approximately 70 aircraft, including five squadrons the fighters and also attack planes, and small detachments of hefty attack, airborne beforehand warning and reconnaissance planes;(as Anti-submarine support Carrier) around 50 aircraft, consisting of two squadrons the S2F fixed-wing aircraft, one squadron the helicopters and tiny detachments that airborne at an early stage warning and also (in the 1960s) fighters.Gun Armament: eight 5"/38 weapons in single mountings to add a couple of twin 3"/50 gun mounts. Indigenous the mid-1950s onward, total armament was steadily reduced to compensate for growing weights the topside equipment and also embarked aircraft.
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