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In celebration event of Abraham Lincoln’s birthday (February 12) and President"s job (February 19), we’re taking a look back at the countless faces of our nation’s an initial authorized coin.
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The one-cent coin, or the penny, was the very first currency authorized by the joined States. According to pennies.org, “The an initial one-cent coin was struck in 1787 by a private mint. This coin, recognized as the Fugio cent, to be 100 percent copper and this ingredient would continue until the mid-1800s. Paul Revere, a noted blacksmith, provided some the the copper because that one-cent coins minted throughout the early on 1790s.”
The name “Fugio” originates from the inscription, which method “I flee/fly” in Latin. The back of the coin depicts thirteen combined rings to represent the 13 original colonies and the words “We room One” in the center. This architecture had reportedly been suggested by Benjamin Franklin.
In 1856, the paris eagle cent was introduced. The coin to be designed by Mint chef Engraver James B. Longacre, v the eagle in flight based on the occupational of Longacre"s predecessor, Christian Gobrecht. The was smaller than the Fugio cent and also instead that 100 percent, this coin was 88 percent copper and also 12 percent nickel.
The Indian Cent, or Indian Head Cent, created in 1859 depicted an Indian princess top top the obverse. A popular story about its style claims a visiting Indian chef lent the designer"s daughter his headdress so she might pose together the Indian princess. Most Indian cent minted throughout the Civil battle went mainly to pay Union soldiers. After the civil War, in 1864, the composition of the one-cent coin was adjusted to 95 percent copper and 5 percent zinc.
In 1909, Abraham Lincoln to be the first historical figure to be featured top top a U.S. Coin once he was shown on the penny because that his 100th birthday. The Lincoln coin was additionally the an initial coin to function the phrase “In God us Trust.” Lincoln’s file on the penny was designed by Victor David Brenner based turn off of one 1864 photograph of Abraham Lincoln.
In 1958, a new design by candid Gasparro featured the Lincoln Memorial in Washington D.C. Top top the ago of the penny. The new design was released in 1959 in celebration event of Lincoln’s 150th birthday.
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In 2010, the earlier of the penny was redesigned again to attribute a union shield. The style was selected by the CCAC. Follow to the Mint,
the 13 stripes top top the shield "represent the says joined in one compact union to support the federal government, stood for by the horizontal bar above." The brand-new reverse to be designed by artist Lyndall Bassand sculpted through U.S. Mint sculptor-engraver Joseph Menna.For an ext fun v pennies, visit the Cinnaminson juniorg8.comrary’s STEM dare to do your an extremely own penny spinner!