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The Altar of Zeus, likewise called ‘Pergamonaltar’ is a huge structure built-in memory of the victory of the Pergamon Kingdom against the Galatians. The Altar the Pergamon, described as the Throne that Satan in a brief narrative in the Revelation section of the book of St. John, is a an extremely impressive structure.

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Galatians, or Celts, went from main Europe to greece in the 3rd century BC and also plundered it. Well known for their plunder and also barbarism, this people concerned Anatolia after ~ Greece and also lived in a century full of fear for the people of the region. The Pergamon kings fought the Celts throughout the 3rd century BC. At the end of the war, the queens of Pergamon won a good victory over the Galatians with their heroism and also courage.

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Zeus Altar displayed in the Berlin MuseumThe temple, a very impressive item of work with its architectural style, was specialized to the God Zeus in commemoration of the win of Attalos II against the Galatians throughout the duration of Eumenes II (197 – 159 BC). The altar was committed to the goddess Athena and all various other gods, and also Zeus.

This framework that dazzles v its design, craftsmanship, architecture, sculptures, and appearance constructed during the power of King Eumenes II in the very first half of the 2nd century BC on among the terraces that the Pergamon Acropolis.

The following two pictures show the simulation of the original form of the temple.

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View the the Altar that Zeus from the Pergamon Theater

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This structure where the many magnificent examples of sculpture arts of the period were displayed was never completely completed because of King Prusias II attacked Pergamon in 156 BC.

The 12-meter-high Altar the Zeus is a horseshoe-shaped structure that sit on a square area with an edge of around 35 meters.

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The structure consists of a five-step foundation, a podium climbing on this foundation, a belt of reliefs rising on this podium, marble poles increasing on this belt and a porch closeup of the door on the marble poles.

These reliefs space as if they were a officially parade that giants and gods in Greek mythology. The reliefs bordering the Altar the Zeus depict the god fighting the giants, called Gigantomakhia or battle of the Giants. The win gods signify the Pergamon, and also the losing giants indicate the enemy Galatians. The frieze sculptures display the struggle of the gods, who ultimately are victorious, against the giants.

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Reliefs of Zeus Altar

In the reliefs which space 120 meters long and also 2.3 meters high, the god are described as soft and thin lines, and also the giants are illustrated with hard and rough lines. There are 118 reliefs in total, which encompass reliefs that Zeus, Athena, Apollo, Artemis, Okeanos, Nereus, Orion, and also Helios.

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Reliefs of Zeus Altar

The reliefs ~ above the walls neighboring the sacrificial rock in the center of the structure tell the story of the life the Telephos, the legend founder of Bergama.

Telephos, the legend founder the Pergamon, to be the kid of the half-mortal god Herakles. Heracles impregnates the daughter the the king that Tegea and also leaves Tegea. Follow to the prophecy, the king will have a grandson and also kill the king. When the king realizes that his daughter is pregnant, the puts the infant in a basket and leaves it in the sea to remove the baby. The infant in this basket is Telephos. The basket will the shores that Anatolia"s Mysia (between today"s İzmir and also Çanakkale). In the following years, Telephos ended up being the king of Mysia and also stood by the Trojans in the Trojan War. With this supernatural story body, Telephos is thought about the legendary king who founded Pergamon.There is tiny to check out at the original site today, yet it is sufficient to provide a feeling of the magnitude of the good shrine.

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The well known Altar of Zeus, i m sorry was initially in the Acropolis, was required to Germany in 1897 and also it is presently ~ above exhibition in ~ the Pergamon Museum in Berlin.

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The five-step foundations of the Altar that Zeus space still in ar at the Acropolis the Pergamum. On the various other hand, the podium, friezes, and also reliefs room made of shining marble is exhibited at the Berlin Museum.