The Paleolithic Era (or Old stone Age) is a duration of prehistory from about 2.6 million years earlier to about 10000 year ago. The Neolithic Era (or New rock Age) began roughly 10,000 BC and also ended in between 4500 and 2000 BC in various parts the the world. In the Paleolithic era, over there were more than one human species but just one made it through until the Neolithic era. Paleolithic humans lived a nomadic lifestyle in small groups. They offered primitive rock tools and their survival depended greatly on their environment and also climate. Neolithic human beings discovered agriculture and animal husbandry, which permitted them to work out down in one area. The Mesolithic era adhered to the Paleolithic era but the duration of the Paleolithic—Mesolithic border varies by geography by as much as number of thousand years.

Comparison chart

Neolithic versus Paleolithic comparison chart NeolithicPaleolithicMeaning Dwelling Lifestyle Tools Clothes Governance Economy Health Art Sculpture material Main discovery Food
Neo=new; Lithic=stone. Neolithic era is additionally call the brand-new Stone age.

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Paleo=old; Lithic=stone. The Paelolithic era is also called the Old rock age.
Mud bricks supported by timber Mouths that caves, huts, skin tents
Sedentary. Castle farmed in long-term settlements and raised/herded animals; agriculture was discovered and also became a major source that food; households evolved. Nomadic; in teams of approximately 50; lack society; hunters and also gatherers
polished rock tools do sharper by grinding Chipped stone, wooden weapons, light stone tools (not sharpened)
Animal skins, woven garments Animal skins
Military and spiritual leaders had authority. Monarchy emerged. Tribal society. Clan controlled by elders or the powerful (according to age)
The concept of exclusive property and ownership arised for things such as land, livestock and also tools. There to be no ide of private property.
Neolithic human being were much shorter and had lower life expectancy. Illness like this cavities and typhoid arised in the new stone age. Neolithic ladies had much more children due to the fact that the life layout was no longer nomadic. Paleolithic world were taller and lived longer than neolithic people.
Wall paintings Cave paintings
Stone, clay (baked) Stone, mammoth ivory, reindeer horn
Agriculture and also tools with sleek stones, the plow Fire; Rough rock tools
They grew plants such together corn, wheat, beans, etc. Hunted and gathered for their food supply.


A restoration of the head indigenous a skull the a Paleolithic guy excavated from Gongwangling, Lantian County.


Paleolithic human being were hunter-gatherers. Lock were nomads who lived in tribes and also relied ~ above hunting, fishing and gathering wild fruits. Lock hunted animals like bison, mammoths, bears and deer. Meat to be a resource of food and also animal hide was used to make clothes. They stayed in clans of 20-30 civilization in caves, outdoors or in cabins make of tree branches and also animal skin.

The Neolithic era started when humans discovered agriculture and raising cattle, which allowed them come no longer have a nomadic life style. They were able to clear up in fertile areas with predictable climate, usually close to river basins. Rice and wheat to be the first plants castle cultivated, and the very first animals to be tamed were dogs, goats, sheep, oxen and also horses.


A paint at Paynes Prairie maintain State Park reflecting paleolithic men hunting a mammoth utilizing spears.

Important Discoveries and Inventions

Perhaps the most necessary invention of paleolithic man was language. A close 2nd was their exploration of just how to manage fire.

Neolithic humans uncovered how to cultivate plants and also domesticate animals. They additionally invented writing, pottery and also weaving. The agricultural transformation in the beforehand Neolithic era had a profound affect on the person species. The wheel is additionally believed to have been developed in the Neolithic period. Calendars and also time-keeping were also invented in this era.

Health and also longevity

In general, Paleolithic people were healthier than Neolithic man. Life expectations was 35.4 years for men and also 30.0 years for ladies in the so late Paleolithic era (30000 come 9000 BC). In the early on neolithic era (7000 come 5000 BC) this fell to 33.6 and also 29.8 years, and in the so late Neolithic era (5000 come 3000 BC) fell also further come 33.1 and 29.2 year respectively. The adoption of grains in the Neolithic era synchronized with a shortening the stature, diluent bones and also crooked, cavity-ridden teeth. Another interesting physiological change was a decline in pelvic inlet depth, make childbirth more an overwhelming in the Neolithic era contrasted with the Paleolithic era.<1>

Diseases like tooth cavities, malaria, tuberculosis and also typhoid fever are first known to have emerged in the Neolithic era.


Paleolithic devices were made of wood, stone and animal bones. Tools and also weapons choose harpoons, axes, lances, choppers and also awls were used.


Neolithic era tools were an ext sophisticated. A selection of devices were developed in the new Stone age, such as sickle blades and grinding stones because that agriculture, and also pottery and bone implements for food production. Stone axes permitted Neolithic guy to clear forests, and also the adze enabled him to ashioning wood for shelter, structures and canoes. Excavators have likewise found projectile points, beads, and statuettes from this era.

See more: How Many Bones Does An Elephant Have ? How Many Bones Are In A Elephant'S Trunk


Paleolithic civilization are believed to have actually animistic spiritual beliefs. Lock decorated walls of their cave dwellings with photos of animals, including deer, bison and mammoths. They likewise made tiny sculptures; significantly Venus. The most renowned prehistorical paints are in the caves the Altamira, in Spain, and Lascaux, in France. This sort of art, distinctive from organic formations in caves, is called cavern art. Cavern art has been discovered all end Europe, Asia and also Africa. Human being in paintings were illustrated as rod figures.