Key Points

The Gupta empire flourished under Chandragupta II, but started to falter under his son, Kumaragupta, and also grandson, Skandagupta.The Huna People, likewise known as Huns, invaded Gupta territory and caused significant damage come the empire.The Gupta empire ended in 550 CE, as soon as it broke down into local kingdoms ~ a collection of weak rulers and also invasions from the east, west, and also north.

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A main Asian Xionite people that included four hordes the repeatedly attacked Gupta territory, and also helped cause the downfall that the Gupta Empire.


Son of Kumaragupta I; the emperor of the Gupta empire from c. 455-467 CE.

Kumaragupta I

Son that Chandragupta II; the emperor that the Gupta dynasty from c. 415-455 CE.

Chandragupta II

The emperor that the Gupta dynasty of old India native c. 380-415 CE.

The Gupta realm flourished, in military and territorial conquests as well as social and scholastic advancements, throughout the regime of Emperor Chandragupta II. Yet the being successful rulers, beginning with Kumaragupta I and also then Skandagupta, supervised the eventual finish of the Gupta realm through military defeats, devalued money and also withering leadership.


In 415 CE, Chandragupta II was prospered by his second son, Kumaragupta I, who ruled successfully until 455 CE. The so late years that his reign, however, faced difficulties. The Pushyamitras, a people of central India, increased up in rebellion against Kumaragupta, if Gupta territories were attacked by the western Huna people, likewise known as White Huns.

Kumaragupta defeated both groups and celebrated his win by performing the royal Vedic routine of Ashwamedha, or equine sacrifice, which had actually previously been performed by his grandfather, Emperor Samudragupta, to celebrate his own great military victories.


Coin of Kumaragupta I. A silver coin from the power of Gupta Emperor Kumaragupta I, c. 415-455 CE.

As his grandfather and father did before him, Kumaragupta also issued news coins to note his reign. They were stamped with pictures of his namesake god, lord Kumara, regarded by Hindus together Regent that Earth.


Upon Kumaragupta’s fatality in 455 CE, his son, Skandagupta, presume the throne and also ruled till c. 467 CE. The is thought about the critical of the good Gupta rulers before the collapse of the empire.

Skandagupta, that was commemorated as a an excellent warrior for his victorious clashes v the Huns during his father’s reign, beat several rebellions and also external hazards from the Huna people, notably an intrusion in 455 CE. Although victorious, the costs of the wars versus the Hunas drained the empire’s resources. The worth of the coinage issued under Skandagupta coming to be severely reduced.


Coin that Skandagupta. A coin emblazoned through the image of Gupta dynasty Emperor Skandagupta, that ruled c. 455-467 CE.

The Huna and also Gupta’s Demise

The Huna were a central Asian Xionite tribe that had four hordes: northern Huna, additionally known as the black Huns; southerly Huna, the Red Huns; east Huna, the Celestial Huns; and the White Huns, the west Huna. The White Huns, those who invaded the Gupta Empire throughout the reign of Kumaragupta, were also known together the Hephthalites, and also caused an excellent damage come the failing Gupta Empire. Skandagupta died in 467 CE, and was complied with onto the throne by his half-brother, Purugupta, that ruled indigenous 467-473 CE.

Thereafter come a succession of weak kings, start with Kumaragupta II indigenous 473-476 CE, complied with by Budhagupta, the son of Purugupta. The Hephthalites damaged through the Gupta armed forces defenses in the northwest in the 480s, throughout the power of Budhagupta, and also by 500 CE much of the realm in northwest was overrun by the Huna.

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The empire thereafter disintegrated into numerous regional kingdoms, rule by chieftains. A minor heat of the Gupta Clan continued to dominion Magadha, among the 16 Indian Mahajanapadas, or “Great Countries,” however the Gupta empire fell through 550 CE.