85 document Transactions and also the results on jae won Statements for Cash Dividends, building Dividends, share Dividends, and Stock Splits

Do you remember playing the plank game syndicate when you to be younger? If you arrived at the opportunity space, you choose a card. The possibility card may have paid a ?50 dividend. In ~ the time, you probably were just excited for the extr funds.

You are watching: The date the directors vote to declare and pay a dividend is called the:

Chance Card. A possibility card native a monopoly game indicates that the bank pays friend a dividend the ?50. (credit: change of “Monopoly opportunity Card” by Kerry Ceszyk/Flickr, CC through 4.0)


While a couple of companies might use a short-term account, dividend Declared, rather than preserved Earnings, most companies debit Retained income directly. Ultimately, any type of dividends declared reason a decrease to preserved Earnings.

The second significant dividend date is the date of record. The day of record determines which shareholder will obtain the dividends. There is no newspaper entry recorded; the company creates a list of the stockholders the will receive dividends.

The day of payment is the third important day related to dividends. This is the day that dividend payments space prepared and sent to shareholders who owned share on the day of record. The associated journal entry is a fulfillment that the obligation developed on the statements date; the reduces the Cash dividends Payable account (with a debit) and also the Cash account (with a credit).


The journal entry to distribute the soft drinks on January 14 decreases both the residential property Dividends Payable account (debit) and the Cash account (credit).


The 5% typical stock dividend will require the distribution of 60,000 shares time 5%, or 3,000 added shares the stock. An investor that owns 100 shares will obtain 5 share in the dividend circulation (5% × 100 shares). The newspaper entry to record the stock dividend declaration requires a to decrease (debit) come Retained revenue for the sector value the the shares to be distributed: 3,000 shares × ?9, or ?27,000. Boost (credit) to the common Stock dividends Distributable is tape-recorded for the par worth of the share to be distributed: 3,000 × ?0.50, or ?1,500. The overabundance of the sector value end the par worth is report as rise (credit) come the additional Paid-in funding from usual Stock account in the amount of ?25,500.


To view the impacts on the balance sheet, the is valuable to to compare the stockholders’ equity section of the balance sheet before and after the little stock dividend.


Also assume the Duratech’s plank of director declares a 30% share dividend ~ above the critical day of the year, once the industry value of each share that stock to be ?9. The 30% share dividend will call for the distribution of 60,000 shares times 30%, or 18,000 added shares of stock. An investor that owns 100 share will receive 30 share in the dividend circulation (30% × 100 shares). The newspaper entry to record the stock dividend declaration calls for a decrease (debit) come Retained income and an increase (credit) to usual Stock dividend Distributable because that the par or declared value the the share to be distributed: 18,000 shares × ?0.50, or ?9,000. The newspaper entry is:


There is no factor to consider of the market value in the accounting records because that a large stock dividend since the variety of shares issued in a large dividend is huge enough to affect the market; as such, it reasons an instant reduction of the sector price the the company’s stock.

In to compare the stockholders’ equity ar of the balance sheet before and after the huge stock dividend, we deserve to see that the full stockholders’ equity is the exact same before and after the stock dividend, just as that was through a small dividend ((Figure)).


The split typically reasons the sector price of share to decline immediately to one-fourth that the original value—from the ?24 every share pre-split price to roughly ?6 every share post-split (?24 ÷ 4), since the complete value of the agency did not adjust as a result of the split. The total stockholders’ equity on the this firm balance paper before and also after the break-up remain the same.


Date the declaration, might 12, no entry.

To document the payment:


In your very first year of operations the adhering to transactions take place for a company:

Net benefit for the year is ?16,000100 share of ?1 par value common stock room issued because that ?32 every shareThe agency purchases 10 share at ?35 every shareThe agency pays a cash dividend the ?1.50 per share

Prepare newspaper entries for the above transactions and provide the balance in the complying with accounts: usual Stock, Dividends, Paid-in Capital, maintained Earnings, and also Treasury Stock.

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Key Concepts and Summary

Dividends space a distribution of this firm earnings, despite some service providers reinvest income rather than declare dividends.There space three dividend dates: day of declaration, day of record, and date of payment.Cash dividends space accounted for together a reduction of maintained earnings and create a liability when declared.When dividends are declared and also a agency has only common stock issued, the reduction of retained income is the amount per share time the number of outstanding shares.A home dividend occurs as soon as a agency declares and distributes assets various other than cash. Lock are videotaped at the fair market value of the asset gift distributed.A stock dividend is a distribution of shares of share to existing shareholders in lieu that a cash dividend.A tiny stock dividend occurs when a stock dividend circulation is much less than 25% the the full outstanding shares based on the superior shares before the dividend distribution. The entry needs a decrease come Retained revenue for the market value the the shares to be distributed.A huge stock dividend involves a distribution of stock to currently shareholders the is bigger than 25% the the full outstanding shares just prior to the distribution. The journal entry calls for a to decrease to retained Earnings and a credit to share Dividends Distributable because that the par or stated value of the share to it is in distributed.Some corporations employ stock splits to store their share price vain in the market. A timeless stock separation occurs once a company’s board of director issues new shares to existing shareholder in place of the old share by boosting the number of shares and reducing the par worth of each share.

(Figure)A company issued 40 share of ?1 par value usual stock for ?5,000. The journal entry to document the transaction would include which of the following?

debit that ?4,000 to usual stockcredit the ?20,000 to typical stockcredit the ?40 to typical stockdebit of ?20,000 to usual stock