EARLY oriental ART (527-726)

In 324, Constantine I started the city Constantinople ~ above the site of the old city of byzantine to offer as the brand-new capital of the roman Empire. After ~ the collapse of the empire in the west in the 5th century, Constantinople and also the eastern section of the empire ongoing to flourish artistically for an additional thousand years, until the 15th century as soon as it was lastly defeated and also occupied through the ottoman Turks.

Byzantine arts is an art without solid bodies or cast shadows, through blank golden spaces.

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Church and also state united:

Under the dominance of Justinian, Orthodox Christianity became Constantinople"s only lawful religion. The oriental emperors were believed to be the earthly vicars of Jesus Christ, whose imperial will was God"s will.

Art historians divide the background of oriental art right into the three periods of its biggest glory-Early, Middle, and also Late.

A distinctive oriental style emerged throughout the reign of Justinian.Byzantium"s greatest church:The domed church the Hagia Sophia in Constantinople is one of the supreme achievements of world architecture.Churches built in Constantinople and Ravenna and the fortress monastery constructed at mount Sinai in Egypt are generally plain ~ above the exterior however lavishly decorated v mosaics on the inside.The mysticism the light:What differentiate Hagia Sophia from the same lavishly revetted and also paved interiors of Roman building such as the Pantheon is the unique mystical quality of the light the floods the interior.ustinian"s architects usedpendentivesto transport the weight from the good dome come the piers beneath, rather than come the walls.By placing a hemishperical dome top top a square base instead of a one base, Anthemius and Isidorus fused two architectural traditions: the vertically oriented central-plan building and also the longitudinally oriented basilica.Key Ideas:Theocracy is dominant (belief that the leader or head the state is likewise the religious leader)Byzantine Emperor is the Vicar that Christ on planet as opposed to the roman Pope.Justinian invades Ravenna in 550 CE and also declares Christianity the just lawful religious beliefs in his empireMosaics are the main decorative elementLight is extremely crucial - intuitive manifestation of godGoals: watch the consolidation that power approximately Constantinople and also the ebb and flow of consolidated power and also a unified creative tradition in the western part of the old roman inn world.

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Learn around the 2 main varieties of Christian church architecture: longitudinally planned and centrally planned church buildings.
 grasp the essentials of the idea the the symbol as a sacred image however not an idol.
 check out the affect of byzantine art and culture take root in eastern Europe as the byzantine Empire to be ending.
 find out the an easy chronological divisions of oriental art history into three major periods.
 view the influence of byzantine art and society take root in east Europe together the oriental Empire was ending. explain the formal and also iconographic characteristics of Early, Middle, and Late oriental art Describe and also analyze the architecture and also ornamentation the churches constructed within byzantine discuss the duty of art and architecture within the eastern Orthodox liturgy explain the causes and also effects byzantine iconoclasm Identify and also discuss the persistence of timeless traditions in art produced in the Early, Middle, and also Late oriental periods describe the materials and also techniques of byzantine art and architectureKey Dates:c.550: dominion of Justinian1054: good Schism: split between Eastern and Western Catholic Church1453: footrest Turks catch Istanbul and also end byzantine Empire