The Renaissance was a fervent duration of european cultural, artistic, political and also economic “rebirth” adhering to the middle Ages. Generally described as occurring from the 14th century come the 17th century, the Renaissance promoted the rediscovery of classic philosophy, literature and also art. Few of the best thinkers, authors, statesmen, scientists and artists in human background thrived throughout this era, while global exploration opened up up new lands and cultures to europe commerce. The Renaissance is credited with bridging the gap in between the middle Ages and also modern-day civilization.

From Darkness to Light: The Renaissance starts

During the center Ages, a duration that took place in between the loss of old Rome in 476 A.D. And the start of the 14th century, europeans made few advances in science and also art.

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Also known as the “Dark Ages,” the era is frequently branded together a time the war, ignorance, famine and pandemics such as the black color Death.

Some historians, however, think that such grim depictions that the Middle ages were considerably exaggerated, though many agree that there was fairly little to the for ancient Greek and Roman philosophies and also learning at the time.

READ MORE: 6 factors the Dark eras Weren't therefore Dark


During the 14th century, a social movement referred to as humanism began to obtain momentum in Italy. Among its plenty of principles, humanism promoted the idea that man was the facility of his own universe, and people should embrace human success in education, timeless arts, literature and also science.

In 1450, the invention of the Gutenberg printing press allowed for improved interaction throughout Europe and for principles to spread much more quickly.

As a an outcome of this breakthrough in communication, little-known messages from early humanist authors such together those by Francesco Petrarch and also Giovanni Boccaccio, which promoted the rebirth of classic Greek and Roman society and values, were printed and distributed come the masses.

Additionally, numerous scholars believe advancements in global finance and trade impacted society in Europe and collection the stage for the Renaissance.

Medici family

The Renaissance began in Florence, Italy, a ar with a rich social where affluent citizens can afford to assistance budding artists.

Members that the an effective Medici family, which rule Florence for much more than 60 years, were well known backers of the movement.

Great Italian writers, artists, politicians and others asserted that they to be participating in an intellectual and artistic revolution that would certainly be much various from what castle experienced throughout the Dark Ages.

The movement very first expanded to other Italian city-states, such together Venice, Milan, Bologna, Ferrara and also Rome. Then, during the 15th century, Renaissance principles spread from Italy to France and also then throughout western and northern Europe.

Although various other European nations experienced your Renaissance later on than Italy, the effects were tho revolutionary.

Renaissance Geniuses

Some that the most famous and also groundbreaking Renaissance intellectuals, artists, scientists and also writers incorporate the likes of:

Giotto (1266-1337): Italian painter and architect whose much more realistic depictions of human being emotions influenced generations that artists. Finest known for his frescoes in the Scrovegni Chapel in Padua.

William Tyndale (1494–1536): English biblical translator, humanist and scholar burned at the stake because that translating the bible into English.

William Byrd (1539/40–1623): English composer well-known for his breakthrough of the English madrigal and his religious organ music.

Renaissance Art, Architecture and Science

Art, architecture and science were closely linked during the Renaissance. In fact, it was a distinct time when these areas of research fused with each other seamlessly.

For instance, artists favor da Vinci incorporated scientific principles, such together anatomy right into their work, for this reason they might recreate the human being body v extraordinary precision.

Architects such together Filippo Brunelleschi studied mathematics to that s right engineer and design immense buildings with expansive domes.

Scientific explorations led to major shifts in thinking: Galileo and also Descartes presented a brand-new view the astrology and also mathematics, when Copernicus proposed that the Sun, no the Earth, to be the center of the solar system.

Renaissance arts was defined by realism and also naturalism. Artists strived to depict people and also objects in a true-to-life way.

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They offered techniques, such together perspective, shadows and light to add depth to their work. Feeling was one more quality the artists tried to infuse right into their pieces.

Some that the most famous artistic works the were created during the Renaissance include:

The Mona Lisa (Da Vinci)The last Supper (Da Vinci)Statue of David (Michelangelo)The bear of Venus (Botticelli)The creation of Adam (Michelangelo)

Renaissance expedition

While numerous artists and thinkers supplied their talent to express brand-new ideas, some Europeans took to the seas to learn much more about the world approximately them. In a period known together the age of Discovery, several vital explorations to be made.

Voyagers launched expeditions to travel the whole globe. Castle discovered new shipping courses to the Americas, India and also the far East and explorers trekked throughout areas the weren’t completely mapped.

Famous journeys were taken by Ferdinand Magellan, Christopher Columbus, Amerigo Vespucci (after who America is named), Marco Polo, Ponce de Leon, Vasco Núñez de Balboa, Hernando De Soto and other explorers.

READ MORE: The period of Exploration

Renaissance religion

Humanism motivated Europeans to question the function of the roman Catholic church during the Renaissance.

As more people learned just how to read, write and interpret ideas, they started to closely examine and also critique religious beliefs as lock knew it. Also, the printing press enabled for texts, including the Bible, come be easily reproduced and widely read by the people, themselves, because that the an initial time.

In the 16th century, young name Luther, a German monk, led the Protestant reformation – a revolutionary movement that caused a break-up in the Catholic church. Luther questioned plenty of of the techniques of the church and also whether lock aligned through the teachings the the Bible.

As a result, a new kind of Christianity, known as Protestantism, to be created.

End the the Renaissance

Scholars think the death of the Renaissance was the an outcome of several compounding factors.

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By the finish of the 15th century, plenty of wars had plagued the Italian peninsula. Spanish, French and German intruders battling for Italian territories resulted in disruption and also instability in the region.