The temperancemovement to be a extensive effortby many world during the 1800s and also early 1900s to alleviate theconsumption the alcohol. numerous in the motion wanted an outrightban on all alcoholic drinks, consisting of beer, wine, and hardliquor. They saw alcohol together a resource of social problems includingviolence, crime, and poverty. The politics cartoon displayed on the ideal is native a weeklymagazine in 1874. Itshows the watch that most world in the temperance movement had actually of bars,saloons,and taverns that offered alcohol. notice that the bartender is the figure of Death. Ina earlier room over there is a drunken fight, with one guy swinging abottle. Just outside the door room two children, maybe pleadingfor your father come come back home. The damage done come familiesby alcohol drink was among the main disagreements used by leader inthe temperance movement.
*



You are watching: Temperance movement political cartoon

Saloons (the common term because that bars at that time)were usuallyplaces for guys only in the 1800s and early 1900s. They might befancy placesin bigcities, or rickety wood structures in a west town. Theircustomers considered them as placewhere they were welcome and also could relax through friends. Many salooncustomers and and saloon owner would have actually called drawings like the oneabove a false image and also unfair.
*

The temperance movement came to be verywell organized almost everywhere the country. It attracted much the its energyfrom religious leaders and also preachers choose the oneshown here. He hasdrawn a crowd in the street by speak out against alcohol in front ofasaloon. The temperance motion was additionally called the anti-saloonmovement.
*

The drawing listed below is among a collection ofprints put out through atemperance group in 1884. It reflects afamily being damaged by the father"s drinking. In this drawing, adrunk husbandis displayed losing regulate of himself and also hitting his wife. Suchpictures to be spread approximately to shot to convince voters to support theidea of making alcohol illegal.
*

by the 1890s the motion to half orlimit alcohol was holding national conventions (meetings) the leadersfrom allover the country. The photo listed below is indigenous 1892.
*

In 1917 the world in the temperancemovement acquired their wish. The U.S. Conference voted for an Amendmentto theConstitution to ban the making, sale, or transportation of alcoholicbeverages. The proposal was approved by the states, and the 18th amendment tookeffect in1920. The period when alcohol to be banned lasted 13 years, and iscalled the barred Era. (The termcomes from the word "prohibit" - meaning "not allow.")
*

despite the 18th Amendment, alcoholdid not disappear. Instead, smugglers and illegal saloons beganoperating all over the country. Police regularly raided the illegalsaloons and dumped the end barrels that illegal beer and also wine the theyfound. The picture below reflects a raid in brand-new York City. Butit proved difficult to find or raid them all. Millions ofAmericans claimed the 18th Amendment must never have actually been approved, andthey continued going out and drinking in the illegal saloons. In 1933 the 18th Amendment to be repealed(ended) by the 21st Amendment, and alcoholic beverages to be legal onceagain in the U.S.
*



See more: Mean Girls On Twitter: " So You Agree You Think You Re Pretty ?

Photos and also images, other than for the 18th Amendment, space from LibraryofCongress.The 18th Amendment photo is native the nationwide Archives.Some images have actually been edited or resizedfor this page.