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You are watching: Shear causes horizontal movement along a fault plane in a/n _______ fault.
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How does rock respond to stress?
SEE TABS ABOVE for stand-alone versions of each fault type.
This clip includes selected excerpts from the more-in-depth animation, "Earthquake Faults, Plate Boundaries, & Stress"
Normal fault—the block above the inclined fault moves down relative to the block below the fault. This fault motion is caused by extensional forces and results in extension.
Reverse fault—the block above the inclined fault moves up relative to the block below the fault. This fault motion is caused by compressional forces and results in shortening. A reverse fault is called a thrust fault if the dip of the fault plane is small.
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Strike-slip fault—movement of blocks along a fault is horizontal and the fault plane is nearly vertical. If the block on the far side of the fault moves to the left, as shown in this animation, the fault is called left-lateral (Figure 2). If it moves to the right, the fault is called right-lateral. The fault motion of a strike-slip fault is caused by shearing forces.