Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld/Saxe-Coburg and also Gotha: In 1675, ernst I, duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg died. Initially, his 7 sons collectively governed the Duchy the Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg, as collection out in their father’s will. In 1680, the 7 brothers concluded a treaty of separation, through each brother gaining a portion of the Duchy the Saxe-Gotha Altenburg and becoming a Duke. Among the seven new duchies was the Duchy the Saxe-Saalfeld and also Johann Ernst, one of the 7 sons of ernst I, battle each other of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg ended up being the first Duke the Saxe-Saalfeld. As soon as two of his brothers passed away without masculine heirs, Johann ernst took possession the Coburg (in 1699) and Römhild (in 1714). In 1699, Johann Ernst’s title readjusted to duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld.

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In 1825, 145 years after the initial split, one more line came to be extinct and also there was another split between three surviving duchies. Serious III, duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld became Ernst I, fight it out of Saxe-Coburg and also Gotha. For an ext information ~ above the switch, check out Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld/Saxe-Coburg and Gotha Index.

On November 9, 1918, after the German empire lost world War I, the Workers’ and also Soldiers council of Gotha, deposed the last fight it out of Saxe-Coburg and also Gotha, Charles Edward, a grandson of Queen Victoria. Five days later, that signed a explanation relinquishing his civil liberties to the throne. The region that included the Duchy that Saxe-Coburg and Gotha is currently in the German claims of Bavaria and also Thuringia.

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Credit – Wikipedia


The mother of Prince Albert, Queen Victoria’s husband, Princess Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (Luise Pauline Charlotte Friederike Auguste) to be born top top December 21, 1800, in ~ Schloss Friedenstein in Gotha, Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg, currently in Thuringia, Germany. Louise to be the just child that Augustus, battle each other of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg and his an initial wife Louise Charlotte the Mecklenburg-Schwerin. Louise’s mother never recovered native childbirth and also died eleven days later on at the age of 21.

Louise’s dad Augustus married again in 1802 come Princess Karoline Amalie that Hesse-Kassel. The marital relationship was childless, but Karoline Amalie to be a dedicated stepmother to Louise. Karoline Amalie and Augustus became estranged ~ a couple of years of marriage and also Karoline Amalie i was withdrawn from court life.

On December 20, 1816, the engagement the Louise and the then ernst III, battle each other of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (later ernst I, duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha) to be announced. The couple married top top July 3, 1817, in ~ Louise’s birthplace Schloss Friedenstein. The bride to be 16 and also the groom was 33. Over there is part indication that Louise had heard around Ernst’s womanizing before her marriage and his several illegitimate children, yet by all accounts, she was optimistic about a happy life through him.

The pair had two sons:


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Albert (left) and also Ernst (right) with their mother Louise; credit – Wikipedia


Although the marital relationship was originally happy, the couple soon thrived apart because of Ernst’s infidelities. In 1823, Louise had an affair v Gottfried von Bülow, the court chamberlain, and in 1824, she had an affair with Alexander von Hanstein, among her husband’s equerries. At midnight ~ above September 2, 1824, Louise was required to get in exile and also permanently cut off from she children. She was given a residence in St. Wendel in the Principality that Lichtenberg, currently in the German state that Saarland, i m sorry Ernst had received as a reward because that his authorized in the Napoleonic Wars. Louise suffered greatly because of her separation from her 2 sons. Photos of she sons and visitation rights were denied to her. Ernst and also Louise were divorced on march 31, 1826.

Louise’s lover, Freiherr (Baron) Alexander von Hanstein complied with her to St. Wendel, and the couple planned come marry. In ready for the marriage, Friedrich, battle each other of Saxe-Altenburg created Alexander Graf (Count) von Pölzig and also Beiersdorf top top July 19, 1826. On October 18, 1826, Alexander and also Louise to be married in St. Wendel. They resided in the Schlösschen (Little Palace) there and also spent some happy years, yet the marital relationship was childless. Louise had a good interest in the society life the the Principality the Lichtenberg and was revered as its Landesmutter (mother the the country).


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Bronze statue that Louise at the St. Wendel town hall; picture Credit – Wikipedia


On February 16, 1831, Louise traveled v her husband come see physicians in Paris, France due to the fact that of the deterioration of her health. Unfortunately, incurable cervical cancer was diagnosed. Louise passed away on august 30, 1831, in Paris in ~ the age of 30. Louise’s embalmed body had actually been kept at the Schlösschen (Little Palace) in St. Wendel, but then, together a result of intrigues within the residence of Saxe-Coburg, it in which method disappeared. First, the coffin uncovered its way to a legit assistant’s house, and then in 1833 come the church in the town of Pfeffelbach in the Principality the Lichtenberg, whereby it put in a straightforward crypt under the pulpit and was almost forgotten. On June 9, 1846, Louise’s coffin was required to Coburg, whereby it continued to be at the Church that St. Moritz, prior to being relocated to the Ducal Mausoleum in Glockenberg Cemetery in 1860.

Louise’s widower Alexander remarried and had three children. In 1845, Alexander contacted his stepson Prince Albert, that in the meantime had married Queen Victoria, and also Albert granted that a pension.

See more: Which Statement Best Describes The Effects Of The 1851 Treaty Of Fort Laramie?


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The Ducal Mausoleum in the Glockenberg Cemetery. Photo: by Störfix – Selbst fotografiert, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=4010189


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