You are watching: One reason common names are not useful to biologists is that they
|Chapter 18 Review products (answers at the end)Multiple ChoiceWrite the letter that finest answers the question or completes the statement on the line provided. |
_____ 1. One reason common names are not valuable to biologists is the theya. are in Latin.b. can use to more than one animal.c. space too long.d. require the use of a dichotomous key.
_____ 2. At any kind of level that organization, teams that have actually biological an interpretation are referred to asa. cladograms. c. taxa.b. binomials. d. systems.
_____ 3. according to the rules of binomial nomenclature, which of the terms is capitalized?a. the genus name onlyb. the species name onlyc. both the genus and types namesd. neither the genus nor types names
_____ 4. Often, the second part of a clinical name isa. a summary of a characteristics or habitat.b. the very same as for other members that the same genus.c. capitalized if it derives from a ideal name.d. different in different locations.
_____ 5. as soon as classifying organisms, a monophyletic group contains onea. species and every its ancestors.b. ancestor and also all that descendants.c. species and that genus.d. genus and also all that is species.
_____ 6. The group of organisms based on their typical descent is calleda. classic classification.b. binomial nomenclature.c. obtained characters.d. evolutionary classification.
_____ 7. In contrast to Linnaean taxonomy, cladistic evaluation considers only which sort of traits, or characters, for analysis?a. genetic characters c. derived charactersb. lost personalities d. physical characters
_____ 8. What go a cladistic analysis show about organisms?a. the prominence of each derived characterb. the relative levels of relatedness amongst lineagesc. the general fitness the the biology analyzedd. every traits of each organism analyzed_____ 9. What walk the presence of similar DNA assignment in the genes in really dissimilar biology imply?a. The genes were produced by different choice pressures.b. The organisms share a common ancestor.c. The organisms perform not re-superstructure a typical ancestor.d. The genes ended up being identical with mutation._____ 10. What cell frameworks in eukaryotic bio cells save DNA that have the right to be provided to determine evolutionary relationships?a. nuclei and also cytoplasm c. nuclei and also mitochondriab. nuclei and vacuoles d. nuclei and microfilaments
_____ 11. i m sorry kingdom has heterotrophs v cell wall surfaces of chitin?a. Protista c. Plantaeb. fungi d. Animalia
_____ 12. Why is the kingdom Protista no valid under evolution classification?a. Protists are all very comparable and simple to confuse.b. Protista includes groups the share closest usual ancestors with other groups, fairly than through each other.c. Protists room the most plenty of organisms top top Earth.d. Protista progressed before any other kingdom, and also as such share a many recent typical ancestor v each other, as opposed to any other group.
_____ 13. The domain that has unicellular organisms the live in extreme environments isa. Eubacteria. c. Archaea.b. Eukarya. d. Bacteria.
_____ 14. What is believed to be true about the three domains of life things?a. They diverged from a typical ancestor reasonably recently.b. They sail from a common ancestor before the development of the main teams of eukaryotes.c. They walk not have actually a typical ancestor.d. domain names Bacteria and also Archaea evolved after the main teams of eukaryotes.
_____ 15. The two domain names composed of only unicellular organisms area. Eubacteria and Archaea. c. Archaea and also Bacteria.b. Eukarya and also Bacteria. d. Archaea and also Eukarya.
Modified True/Falsesuggest whether the declare is true or false. If false, readjust the underlined word or expression to make the declare true. 16. In the name Ursus maritimus, the word Ursus refers to the species. 17. modern biologists build classification diagrams referred to as cladograms the reflect currently of evolutionary descent. CompletionComplete every statement top top the heat provided.18. In systematics, the class Mammalia is grouped with the great Aves, Reptilia, Amphibia, and also all class of fishes right into the Chordata.19. In , teams of biology were created on the basis of physical traits quite than evolutionary relationships.20. The domain includes plants, fungi, protists, and also animals—which space all eukaryotes.21. The domain is created of the kingdom Eubacteria.Short AnswerIn complete sentences, compose the answers to the concerns on the lines provided.
Figure 18–122. according to the cladogram in figure 18–1, what two attributes do crabs and barnacles share the limpets execute not? 23. In figure 18–1, what walk diagram B, i beg your pardon is based on much more recent evidence, show around the category of animals shown in chart A? 24. How can DNA assist scientists do the classification of similar organisms together as giant pandas and red pandas more accurate? 25. Compare and contrast kingdom Fungi and also kingdom Plantae in the six kingdom system. using Science skills Use the diagram listed below to prize the following questions ~ above the currently provided.
Classification of four Organisms
|Corn||Whale Shark||Humpback Whale||Spider Monkey|
|Species||Zea mays||Rhinacodon typus||Megaptera novaeangilae||Ateles paniscus|
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The three-domain device was based upon genomic analysis, which suggests the evolu-tion that organisms follows three key lines. The six-kingdom system, ~ above the other hand, has at the very least one kingdom (Protista) the is based on general similarities fairly than evolution relationships.