The Mediterranean Sea is a sea practically entirely encircled through land and connected come the Atlantic Ocean.

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It contains an area of about 2.5 million square kilometers (970 thousand sq mi), however its connection to the Atlantic Sea v the Strait the Gibraltar is just 14 kilometers (9 miles) wide.

The Mediterranean Sea contrasted to north America

The Mediterranean Sea has an typical depth the 1.5 kilometers (0.9 miles), and the deepest registered point is 5,3 kilometer (3,3 miles) in the Calypso Deep positioned in the Hellenic Trench (Ionian Sea).

Bathymetry of the Mediterranean Sea

The Mediterranean Sea to be the main superhighway of transportation for traders and also explorers of ancient times, facilitating company and social interchange connecting peoples incorporating three continents: southerly Europe, west Asia, and North Africa.

The map the distribution and expansion the olive trees over the Mediterranean Basin

An old Semitic speaking civilization, the Phoenicians would come to construct the an initial instances of thalassocracy, colonization and also city-states. Originating indigenous the area us today speak to Lebanon in the Levant, the Phoenicians relied heavily on naval trade. Made possible by the renowned Lebanese cedar tree timber. Together a crossroad in between the Egyptians, Hittites and also Mesopotamians they supplied their mastery of sail come introduce countless diverse goods into the old Mediterranean. Wares such as wine, glass and chased metalwork.

The Phoenician impacts on the Mediterranean (Source: Cattette)

Their perhaps best legacy would be their affect on Rome. Because of their affect on the Greeks and Etruscans i m sorry the Roman culture was deep based upon.

Trade routes and principal products in each region of roman Empire

The roman inn Empire regulated the sea for countless centuries.

Comprehensive map that the Roman empire at its elevation in 211 AD

The history of the Mediterranean region is essential for explaining the roots and also evolution the many modern-day societies.

Food that the Mediterranean. Source: Tasteatlas.

Today 21 nations surrounding the Mediterranean sea, 285 urban of more than 100,000 occupants located in the Mediterranean region, 18 that which have a populace of more than one million. All Mediterranean cities represent more than 126 million residents.

Larges seaside urban locations bordering the Mediterranean ranked by as whole population

Geological data shows that about 5.9 million year ago, the Mediterranean was separated off from the Atlantic ocean and was drained over part 0.6 million years before being refilled through the Zanclean flood about 5.3 million year ago.

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One century ago, there was a plan for dams building and construction (‘The Atlantropa project’), i beg your pardon would have actually led to the lowering the the sea-level of the Mediterranean Sea through 200 meters (660 ft), opened up vast brand-new areas because that settlements.