Back in the day, everyone wore a watch to store track that the time. Nowadays people just check their smartphone when they have to know. But what if friend don’t have actually either that those top top you? You’ll must know exactly how to speak “what time is it” in Japanese.
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In addition to that, you’ll have to know exactly how to understand the answer, i m sorry is why I’ll administer some “time vocabulary” in today’s lesson. Be sure to check it out and become familiar with the brand-new words.
How come Say “What Time Is It” In Japanese
So there you room in Japan there is no a watch and your phone has died. You need to recognize what time it is so the you can figure out what you need to do next on your busy schedule.
You flag under the nearest Japanese person, apologize because that interrupting their day, and then ask them the following question:今、何時ですか？ima, nan ji desu ka?What time is it right now?
Let’s break this expression down indigenous by native so the you deserve to understand every component of it.
First we start off through 今 (ima) which method “now; at the current time” in Japanese. Climate we continue with 何時 (nanji) which means “what time.” Finally, we end up the concern off through the “is it” component of the phrase with ですか (desu ka).
This phrase will offer you well so be sure to try it out a pair of times to assist remember it.
How come Say “At What Time” In Japanese
What execute you execute if who invites you to a party top top Friday, but you’re not certain if you deserve to make it because you’ve acquired something else going ~ above that same day?
Well maybe you deserve to actually do them both depending on what time the party begins and ends at.
In this situation, you’ll need to know just how to asking the other human being what time the party starts in ~ so that you can number out if you have the right to make that or not. Here’s just how to asking “at what time” in Japanese:何時に？nan ji ni?At what time?
That’s a pretty great phrase that you can use, but if you want to be much more specific and also ask about the beginning time, then this next one might be an ext helpful.何時に始まりますか？nanji ni hajimarimasu ka?What time walk it begin at?
Let’s say that it starts at the very same time as your former engagement, for this reason going in ~ the start is the end of the question. However, If the party continues on for long enough, she pretty sure that you have the right to stop by before it’s over.
To figure this out though, you should ask what time it ends at.何時に終わりますか？nanji ni owarimasu ka?What time go it end at?
If you discover out that you can make it to the party, tell your friend “yes, you’ll view them there!”
These phrases aren’t just minimal to parties. They can really be provided for any type of event that has a start and also end time. So points such as company meetings, birthday parties, weddings, and also so on.
However, in stimulate to know the answers that you get from these questions, you’ll require to understand several crucial Japanese words i beg your pardon we will go end next.
How to Say “O’Clock” In Japanese
In English as soon as we talk about time, we often tend to use words “O’Clock” which is an abbreviation for “of the clock” in reference to what time something occurs at.
For example, “the party beginning at two o’clock” is one means that you might say it. Another way is you might just to speak “the party is in ~ two.”
However, in Japanese you can not drop the “o’clock” part as that is crucial part the the phrase. The Japanese indistinguishable is words 時 (ji) which is a suffix the attaches to the number.
Here’s a finish list of hours 1-12 in Japanese and also their pronunciations:一時 (ichi ji) = one o’clock二時 (ni ji) = two o’clock三時 (san ji) = 3 o’clock四時 (yo ji) = 4 o’clock五時 (go ji) = 5 o’clock六時 (roku ji) = six o’clock七時 (shichi ji) = seven o’clock八時 (hachi ji) = eight o’clock九時 (ku ji) = ripe o’clock十時 (jū ji) = ten o’clock十一時 (jū ichi ji) = eleven o’clock十二時 (jū ni ji) = twelve o’clock
Now, there space a pair of things I desire to allude out about this list.
The first thing is that you deserve to replace each of the kanji numbers in the above list with their Arabic numeral counterparts. For example, you deserve to write 一時 as１時 instead.
In fact, it’s probably much more common to see time in Japanese stood for using Arabic numerals quite than kanji.
The second thing is that the number 4 and 9 have actually special readings once referring to time. Girlfriend probably caught it as soon as reading that list, yet just come emphasize the point ４時 is yo ji and also ９時 is ku ji.
The last thing is the you’ll more than likely want to recognize the Japanese words for “AM” and also “PM” so the you understand which fifty percent of the day it is.
The Japanese indigenous 午前 (gozen) is offered for AM and the Japanese word 午後 (gogo) is offered for PM. The way to mental the difference is to know each kanji’s separation, personal, instance meaning.午 = noon前 = before後 = after
So we deserve to see that 午前 means “before noon” and 午後 means “after noon” i m sorry is more or much less the same means we perform things in English.
Where things get a little different is the placement of these words. In Japanese, they appear before the time, conversely, in English they come after.
I’ll provide you 2 examples and you should be great to walk from there.午前6時 (gozen roku ji) = 6AM午後3時 (gogo mountain ji) = 3PM
The last point to note is that it is typical in Japanese for world to refer to 12:00 as 0:00. What this method is that instead of speak 12時 as jū ni ji they will rather say 0時 as reiji.
Japanese Word because that Minutes
We’ve talked about time and the hours, but what if something drops in between? We must talk around minutes in bespeak to acquire the time exact.
There space basically two ways to handle this problem. The very first one is come say the specific time, such as 12:38. The other means is to walk by soldier (12:15, 12:30, 12:45).
Let’s walk over both of lock now.
The Japanese word because that minute is 分 (fun) and it attaches to the finish of the number. So 15 minutes is 15分 (jū go fun).
In order to say a full-time of day like 2:56 friend would structure it together 2時56分 (ni ji go jū roppun).
Two points you will notification from the last instance are that the full hour metric (2時) comes very first and then then minute metric follows afterwards (56分).
The other thing you’ll an alert is that the analysis for 分 readjusted from its normal (fun) to (ppun) in the example.
This is due to the fact that 分 is just one of those Japanese words whose reading alters depending on i m sorry number comes before it. Below is a perform of numbers 1-10 and every one of their readings.1分 (ippun)2分 (ni fun)3分 (san pun)4分 (yon pun)5分 (go fun)6分 (roppun)7分 (nana fun)8分 (happun)9分 (kyū fun)10分 (juppun)
The reading of 分 just depends ~ above the number the comes right before it, for this reason 11分 is read as jū ippun and the takes the phonetic adjust of 1分 (ippun) while keeping the normal analysis of the number 10 (jū).
This might seem favor a lot to take it in every at once, therefore a far better strategy could be to walk by soldier in reference to time.
This will require learning only three new words:すぎ (sugi) = after半 (han) = halfまえ (mae) = before
Put すぎ and まえ after 分 choose in the complying with examples.今、5時15分すぎです。ima, walk ji jū go funny sugi desu.It’s a quarter past five now.
—今、5時15分まえです。ima, go ji jū go funny mae desu.It’s a 4 minutes 1 to five now.
Put 半 after ~ 時 as with below.今、５時半です。ima, go ji han desu.It’s five thirty appropriate now.
The last thing to note is the you will periodically see すぎ written in kanji together 過ぎ and you will sometimes see まえ composed in kanji together 前 because that these time expressions.
Also, it’s much more common to read something prefer 3:30 as san ji han quite than san ji san juppun due to the fact that it’s less complicated to speak “half” in Japanese 보다 it is “thirty minutes.”
It’s Time To end Today’s Lesson
That’s every there is to cover today. If you’ve got any type of questions or comments the you want to leave, you re welcome be certain to perform so in the ar below.
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