L>Student resource Glossary
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ablation Term provided to describe some species of treatment of prostate cancer.
anuria The absence of urine development by the kidneys.
bright prostatic hyperplasia one enlargement the the prostate gland the most frequently occurs in males over age 50.
chronic kidney condition The progressive loss of renal duty over months or years.
cystitis one inflammation that the bladder.
cystocele A hernia the the bladder v the vaginal wall; additionally know as a fallen bladder.
cystolith A stone in the urinary bladder.
cystopexy The surgical fixation the the bladder to the ab wall.
cystoscopy The intuitive examination the the urinary bladder utilizing a cystoscope.
dialysis A procedure to remove waste products, such together urea, creatinine, and excess water indigenous the blood the a patient whose kidneys no longer function.
diuresis The raised output of urine.
end-stage renal an illness The final stage that chronic kidney disease.
enuresis The involuntary discharge of urine.
epispadias A congenital abnormality the the urethral opening. In the male v epispadias, the urethral opened is located on the upper surface ar of the penis; in the female with epispadias, the urethral opening is in the an ar of the clitoris.
extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy The destruction of kidney stones v the usage of high-energy ultrasonic tide traveling through water or gel.
glomerulonephritis A form of nephritis resulted in by inflammation of the glomeruli that causes red blood cells and also proteins to leak into the urine.
hemodialysis The procedure by i m sorry waste commodities are filtered directly from the patient’s blood.
hydronephrosis The swelling of one or both kidneys together the result of one obstruction of the flow of urine.
hydroureter The stretching out of a ureter v urine, is led to by a blockage in the ureter that does not allow the urine to flow normally.
hyperproteinuria The existence of abnormally high concentration of protein in the urine.
hypoproteinemia The existence of abnormally short concentrations of protein in the blood.
hypospadias A congenital abnormality of the urethral opening. In the male through hypospadias, the urethral opened is on the ventral surface of the penis; in the female v hypopadias, the urethra opens into the vagina.
incontinence The i can not qualify to regulate the excretion of to pee and/or feces.
interstitial cystitis A chronic inflammation in ~ the walls of the bladder.
intravenous pyelogram A radiographic study of the kidneys and also ureters.
nephrolith A rock located in the kidney.
nephrolithiasis explains the existence of stones in the kidney.
nephrolysis The surgical freeing of a kidney from adhesions.
nephrons The microscopic sensible units of every kidney whereby urine is developed through the procedures of filtration, reabsorption, and also secretion.
nephropathy Any condition of the kidney.
nephroptosis The prolapse, or dropping down, the a kidney right into the pelvic area as soon as the patient stands.
nephropyosis Suppuration of the kidney.
nephrostomy The placement of a catheter to preserve an opening from the pelvis of one or both kidney to the exterior of the body.
nephrotic syndrome A team of conditions in i beg your pardon excessive quantities of protein are shed through the urine.
neurogenic bladder A urinary problem caused by interference through the typical nerve pathways linked with urination.
nocturia Frequent and also excessive urination throughout the night.
nocturnal enuresis Urinary incontinence throughout sleep; also known as bed-wetting.
oliguria Scanty urination.
percutaneous nephrolithotomy The operation removal that a nephrolith through a little incision in the back.
peritoneal dialysis The lining that the peritoneal cavity acts together the filter to eliminate waste from the blood.
polycystic kidney condition aA genetic disorder identified by the development of countless fluid-filled cysts in the kidneys.
polyuria excessive urination, and is a usual symptom of diabetes.
prostatism A disorder result from the compression, or obstruction, the the urethra as result of benign prostatic hyperplasia.
pyeloplasty The surgical fix of the ureter and also renal pelvis.
pyelotomy A operation incision right into the renal pelvis.
suprapubic catheterization The placement of a catheter right into the bladder v a tiny incision made with the abdominal wall just above the pubic bone.
uremia A toxic condition resulting native renal failure in i m sorry kidney function is compromised and urea and other waste products normally secreted in the pee are maintained in the blood.
ureterectasis The enlargement of a ureter.
ureterolith A rock located all over along the ureter.
ureterorrhagia The discharge the blood native the ureter.
ureterorrhaphy The surgical suturing the a ureter.
urethritis one inflammation that the urethra.
urethropexy The surgical fixation the the urethra to nearby tissue.
urethrorrhagia Bleeding native the urethra.
urethrostenosis Narrowing of the urethra.
urethrotomy A surgical incision into the urethra for relief that a stricture.
urinary catheterization The insertion of a tube into the bladder in order come procure a sterile specimen because that diagnostic purposes, or to drainpipe urine.
vesicovaginal fistula an abnormal opening in between the bladder and also vagina that allows consistent involuntary circulation of urine from the bladder into the vagina.


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voiding cystourethrography A diagnostic procedure in i beg your pardon a fluoroscope is supplied to research the circulation of urine native the bladder and also through the urethra.
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