Flappers the the 1920s were young women recognized for their energetic freedom, embracing a lifestyle viewed by countless at the moment as outrageous, not ethical or downright dangerous. Now considered the first generation of live independence American women, flappers pushed barriers in economic, political and also sexual liberty for women.

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Women’s Independence

Multiple factors—political, social and technological—led to the rise of the flappers.

During human being War I, women entered the workforce in big numbers, receiving greater wages that numerous working females were no inclined to provide up throughout peacetime.

In august 1920, women’s self-reliance took one more step forward v the passage of the 19th Amendment, giving women the ideal to vote. And in the beforehand 1920s, Margaret Sanger make strides in providing contraception come women, sparking a wave of women’s civil liberties to birth control.

The 1920s also brought around Prohibition, the an outcome of the 18th Amendment ending legal alcohol sales. An unified with an explosion of popularity because that jazz music and also jazz clubs, the phase was set for speakeasies, which readily available illegally produced and distributed alcohol.

Henry Ford’s mass production of cars carried down automobiles prices, allowing the younger generation far an ext mobility 보다 in earlier eras. Numerous people, a variety of them young women, drove this cars right into cities, which proficient a populace boom.

With every these pieces in place, an extraordinary social explosion for young ladies was all but inevitable.

What Is a Flapper?

No one knows just how the native flapper gone into American slang, however its usage very first appeared just following human being War I.

The standard image that a flapper is that of a stylish young party girl. Flappers acting in public, drank alcohol, danced in ~ jazz clubs and also practiced a sexual liberty that shocked the Victorian morality of your parents.

Flapper Dress

Flappers to be famous—or infamous, depending upon your viewpoint—for their rakish attire.

They donned fashionable flapper dresses of shorter, calf-revealing lengths and lower necklines, though not typically kind fitting: Straight and slim to be the desired silhouette.

Flappers wore high hoe shoes and also threw away their corsets in donate of bras and lingerie. They gleefully applied rouge, lipstick, mascara and other cosmetics, and also favored shorter hairstyles favor the bob.

Designers like chocolate Chanel, Elsa Schiaparelli and also Jean Patou ruled flapper fashion. Jean Patou’s innovation of knit swimwear and also women’s sportswear prefer tennis clothing inspired a freer, much more relaxed silhouette, if the knitwear that Chanel and Schiaparelli brought no-nonsense lines to women’s clothing. Madeleine Vionnet’s bias-cut designs (made by cutting fabric versus the grain) emphasized the shape of a woman’s body in a much more natural way.

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F. Scott Fitzgerald

F. Scott Fitzgerald found his location in American literary with “The great Gatsby” in 1925, yet he had already garnered a reputation before that together a spokesperson because that the Jazz Age.