5332735889consciousnessour awareness that ourselves and also our environment.

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5332735890biological rhythmsperiodic physiological fluctuations.1
5332735891circadian rhythmthe organic clock; constant bodily rhythms that occur on a 24-hour cycle.2
5332735892pineal glandsmall endocrine gland that produces the serotonin derivative melatonin, a hormone that affects the modulation the wake/sleep patterns and seasonal functions.3
5332735893Stage 1 sleepslow breathing and also irregular mind waves. An extremely brief, might experience great images resembling hallucinations, emotion of falling or floating.4
5332735894Stage 2 sleepappearance that sleep spindles. Plainly asleep, but still conveniently awoken; about 20 minutes.5
5332735895sleep spindlesbursts that rapid, rhythmic mind activity.6
5332735896Stage 3 sleeptransitional stage. Mind begins to emit slow-moving delta waves. Tough to be woken.7
5332735897Stage 4 sleepbrain significantly emits slow-moving delta waves. About 30 minutes, tough to be woken. Children tend to wet the bed or sleepwalk during end.8
5332735898NREM sleepencompasses all sleep stages except for REM sleep.9
5332735899REM sleepa recurring sleep stage throughout which vivid reams commonly occur. Also known together paradoxical sleeping, since the muscles are relaxed yet other human body systems space active.10
5332735900alpha wavesrelatively slow brain waves of a relaxed, awake state.11
5332735901sleepperiodic, herbal loss of awareness -- as unique from unconsciousness resulting from a coma, basic anesthesia, or hibernation.12
5332735902hallucinationsfalse sensory experiences.13
5332735903delta waveslarge, slow mind waves linked with deep sleep.14
5332735904insomniarecurring problems in fall or remaining asleep.15
5332735905narcolepsya sleep disorder characterized by uncontrollable sleep attacks. The sufferer might lapse straight into REM sleep, often at inopportune times.16
5332735906sleep apneaa sleep disorder characterized by short-term cessations the breathing throughout sleep and also repeated short-lived awakenings.17
5332735907night terrorsa sleep disorder identified by high arousal and an figure of being terrified; unequal nightmares, this occur throughout Stage 4 sleep, within two or three hours of fall asleep, and also are hardly ever remembered.18
5332735908dreama sequence of images, emotions, and also thoughts passing through a resting person"s mind. These are noteworthy for your hallucinatory imagery, discontinuities, and incongruities, and for the dreamer"s delusional accept of the content and also later difficulties remembering it.19
5332735909nightmaresanxiety-arousing desires that bring about awakening, commonly from REM sleep.20
5332735910lucid dreamsdreams in i m sorry the dreamer is conscious that the or she is dreaming.21
5332735911manifest contentaccording to Freud, the remembered story line of a dream (as unique from that latent, or hidden, content).22
5332735912latent contentaccording come Freud, the underlying an interpretation of a dream (as unique from its manifest content).23
5332735913Activation-synthesis Theorythe theory that dreams an outcome from the brain"s attempt to make feeling of random neural signals the fire during sleep.24
5332735914REM reboundthe tendency for REM sleep come increase following REM sleep deprivation (created by repetitive awakenings throughout REM sleep).25
5332735915hypnosisa social communication in i m sorry one person (the hypnotist) suggests to another (the subject) that details perceptions, feelings, thoughts, or behaviors, will spontaneously occur.26
5332735916posthypnotic amnesiasupposed inability to recall what one experienced during hypnosis; induced by the hypnotist"s suggestion.27
5332735917posthypnotic suggestiona pointer made during a hypnosis session, to be brought out after the subject is no much longer hypnotized; used by some clinicians to help control undesired symptoms and behaviors.28
5332735918dissociationa separation consciousness, which allows some thoughts and also behaviors to take place simultaneously through others.29
5332735919hidden observerHilgard"s term describing a hypnotized topics awareness of experiences, such as pain, the go unreported throughout hypnosis.30
5332735920psychoactive druga chemistry substance that alters perceptions and also mood31
5332735921tolerancethe diminishing effect with continuous use that the exact same dose of a drug, request the user to take it larger and also larger doses prior to experiencing the drug"s effect.32
5332735922withdrawalthe discomfort and distress that follow discontinuing the usage of an addictive drug.33
5332735923physical dependencea physiological need for a drug, significant by uncomfortable withdrawal symptoms once the drug is discontinued.34
5332735924psychological dependencea psychological have to use a drug such as to relieve negate emotions.35
5332735925depressantsdrugs (such together alcohol, barbiturates, and opiates) that reduce neural activity and slow-moving body functions.36
5332735926stimulantsdrugs (such as caffeine, nicotine, and the more powerful amphetamines, cocaine, and ecstasy) that excite neural task and speed up human body functions.37
5332735927hallucinogenspsychedelic drugs, such as LSD, that distort perceptions and evoke sensory images in the absence of sensory input.38
5332735928barbituratesdrugs the depress the task of the central nervous system, reducing anxiety but impairing memory and also judgement.39
5332735929opiatesopium and its derivatives, such together morphine and also heroin; they boring neural activity, temporarily lessening pain and also anxiety.40
5332735930amphetaminesdrugs the stimulate neural activity, causing sped-up body functions and associated energy and also mood changes.41
5332735931ecstasy (MDMA)a synthetic stimulant and also mild hallucinogen. To produce euphoria and also social intimacy, but with short-term health risks and longer-term injury to serotonin-producing neurons and to mood and cognition.42
5332735932LSDa powerful hallucinogenic drug; additionally known as mountain (lysergic acid diethylamide).43
5332735933THCthe significant active ingredient in marijuana; root cause a selection of effects, consisting of mild hallucinations.44
5332735934near-death experiencean transformed state of consciousness reported ~ a close brush with death (such as v cardiac arrest); often similar to drug-induced hallucinations.45
5332735935dualismthe presumption that mind and body are two distinct entities the interact.46
5332735936monismthe presumption the mind and body space different elements of the very same thing.47
5332735937circadian rhythmsInternally created patterns of human body functions, including hormonal signals, sleep, blood pressure, and temperature regulation, which have around a 24-hour cycle and also occur also in the absence of common cues around whether it is work or night48
5332735938Disruptions come Circadian Rhythm1. Jet lag2. Night shifts49
5332735939Evolutionary Sleep/Dream Theorywe advanced it as component of natural selection to maximize survival. (restorative)50
5332735940Restorative Dream Theories1. Protein synthesis2. Maintain plasticity (memory)51
5332735941Stage 1 Sleepquick sleep stage with gradual loss of responsiveness come outside, drifting thoughts, and also images (the hypnagogic state). EEGs show theta waves.52
5332735942Stage 2 SleepA sleep deeper than that of phase 1, defined by a slower, more regular tide pattern, together with momentary disruptions of "sleep spindles". Roughly 50% of sleep is phase 2.53
5332735943Stage 3 Sleepusually about 30 minutes; is transitional and leads come the fourth stage; brains starts come emit part delta waves54
5332735944Stage 4 SleepThe deepest stage of NREM sleep, characterized by an EEG sample of an ext than 50% delta waves.55
5332735945REM Sleeprapid eye movement sleep, a recurring sleep stage throughout which vivid dreams generally occur. Additionally known together paradoxical sleep, because the muscles are calm (except because that minor twitches) yet other human body systems space active.56
5332735946lucid dreamingcontrolling dreams57
5332735947activation-synthesis theorythe concept by Robert McCarley and J. Alan Hobson the dreams an outcome from the brain"s attempt to make feeling of arbitrarily neural signals that fire during sleep58
5332735948Cognitive reason for Dreamsdreams space the interplay the the physiological triggering of brain waves and also the psychological functioning the the imagination--in various other words, when we"re reduced off from thinking about world, us think around memories59
5332735949Psychoanalytic factor for Dreamsdreams are the expression of the unconscious--manifest contents hides the implicit content60
5332735950narcolepsya problem in i beg your pardon an awake human suddenly and also uncontrollably falls into REM sleep61
5332735951sleep apneawhen someone temporarily stop breathing during sleep--awaken the sufferer repeatedly throughout the night.cause=obstruction/collapse that air passages (obesity)cures=weight loss and also sleeping ~ above the side62
5332735952night terrorschildhood (often) sleep disrptions from stage 4 sleep--bloodcurling scream and also intense fear63
5332735953sleepwalkingaka somnambulism; (most frequently) a childhood sleep disruption, including trips native bed/complex activity. Don"t commonly remember in morning.64
5332735954hypnosisan changed state of consciousness resulting from a narrowed focus of attention and also characterized by heightened suggestibility and deep relaxation65
5332735955dissociation theoryhypnosis=individual suffering two or much more streams of consciousness that are reduced off native one another. One awareness responds to suggestions, while the other, the "hidden observer," monitors behavior.66
5332735956Ernest Hilgardpsychologist connected with dissociation theory67
5332735957"hidden observer"one the the consciousnesses that dissociation theory--monitors behavior68
5332735958post-hypnotic amnesiaforgetting occasions of hypnosis by suggestion69
5332735959meditationa collection of methods used to emphasis concentration far from thoughts and feelings in stimulate to create calmness, within peace, and tranquility.70
5332735960types that waves during meditationalpha waves--like the peaceful wakefulness prior to sleep71
5332735961physiological alters of meditation1. Slowed heart rate2. Slowed breathing3. Lower blood pressure4. Warm hands--indicate activation the parasympathetic worried system72
5332735962psychoactive drugsChemicals the pass with the blood-brain barrier into the mind to influence the concerned system and also alter perception73
5332735963blood-brain barrierwhat the psychosis drug need to pass through to get in the brain. It is made up of blood vessels (capillaries) that selectively let particular substances get in the brain tissue and keep other substances out74
5332735964physiological dependenceaka addiction; as soon as someone feel an extreme desire to endure the drug even with the disadvantage effects75
5332735965tolerancedecreased responsivity to a drug76
5332735966Types of psychosis Drugs:1. Depressants2. Narcotics3. Stimulants4. Hallucenogens77
5332735967depressantsreduce CNS"s activity to relax; include:sedativesbarbituratestranquilizersalcohol78
5332735968sedativesdepressants taken to induce sleep and prevent siezures79
5332735969barbituratesdepressants that encompass Seconal/secobarbital and Luminal/phenobarbital80
5332735970tranquilizersdepressants that encompass benzodiazepines such as Valium, Xanax, Rohypnol ("roofies"/date rape), and quaaludes.Effects:1. Relax anxiety2. Induce sleep3. Prevent seizures81
5332735971alcoholmost generally used depressant.82
5332735972how alcohol worksincreases transmission of GABA, decreases transmission of acetylcholine (excitatory neurotransmitter)83
5332735973where alcohol functions (in brain)acts at reticular formation, spinal cord, cerebellum, cerebral cortex, and many neurotransmitter systems84
5332735974effects that alcohollow dose=relaxation, less tension, lower inhibitions, much less concetration, slow reflexes and also reaction time, and poorer coordination.medium dose=slurred speech, drowsiness, and also altered emotionshigh doses=vomiting, depression, unconsciousness, coma, or also death85
5332735975withdrawal symptoms of alcoholsleep problems, hallucinations, tremors, seizures86
5332735976narcoticsanalgesics/pain relievers the depress CNS or respiratory system. Create feelings of euphoria, relieve pain, and also induce sleep. Similar to endorphins chemically.87
5332735977types the narcoticsinclude: opiates and also synthetic opiates--codeine, heroin, morphine, opium, Percodan, Darvon, Talwin, Dilaudid, mathadone, and also Demerol88
5332735978stimulantspsychoactive medicine (such together caffeine, nicotine, and the more powerful amphetamines, cocaine, and also Ecstasy) that activate motivational centers the the brain, reduce task of inhibitory centers that CNS; excite neural activity and speed up body functions; increase activity of serotonin and dopamine; supplied to act narcolepsy and also hyperactivity.89
5332735979amphetaminesstimulants; include methamphetamine, benzadrine, Ritalin, ephedrine (Ephedra), and also ecstasy (MDMA); stimulate sympathetic nervous system and also speed up metabolism-->alert, energetic, elated, and less of an appetite90
5332735980cocainepowerfully addicting medicine that create feelings that euphoria, excitement, strength, and reduce hunger. Can reason neurological and also behavioral troubles (dizziness, headaches, movement problems, anxiety, insomnia, depression, hallucinations, high blood pressure, and also stroke). Overdose-->death91
5332735981hallucenogensaka psychedelics; varied group of psychoactive drugs that alter moods, distort perceptions, and also evoke sensory pictures in the lack of sensory intake (hallucinations); include: LSD/lysergic acid diethylamide, PCP/phenocyclidine, THC/marijuana, psilocybin (from mushrooms), and Peyote/mescaline.92
5332735982Consciousnessour awareness that ourselves and our environment93
5332735983Circadian Rhythmthe organic clock; constant bodily rhythms (for example, the temperature and also wakefulness) that occur on a 24-hour cycle94
5332735984REM Sleeprapid eye motion sleep; a recurring sleep stage throughout which lively dreams frequently occur. Also known together paradoxical sleep, since the muscle are serene (except because that minor twitches) but other body systems room active95
5332735985Alpha Wavesthe relatively slow brain waves that a relaxed, wake up statestage 196
5332735986Sleepperiodic, natural loss the consciousness--as distinctive from unconsciousness result from a coma, general anesthesia, or hibernation97
5332735987Hallucinationsfalse sensory experiences, such together seeing something in the absence of an outside visual stimulus98
5332735988Delta Wavesthe large, slow mind waves linked with deep sleep stages 3/499
5332735989NREM Sleepnon-rapid eye motion sleep; includes all sleep stages other than for REM sleep100
5332735990Insomniarecurring troubles in falling or staying asleep101
5332735991Narcolepsya sleep disorder characterized by uncontrollable sleep attacks. The sufferer mine lapse straight into REM sleep, often at inopportune times102
5332735992Sleep Apneaa sleep disorder identified by temporary cessations of breathing throughout sleep and repeated temporary awakenings103
5332735993Night Terrorsa sleep disorder identified by high arousal and also an illustration of being terrified; unequal nightmares, night terrors occur throughout Stage 4 sleep, within 2 or three hrs of fallout’s asleep, and also are rarely remembered104
5332735994Dreama succession of images, emotions, and thoughts passing v a sleeping person"s mind. Dreams are significant for their hallucinatory imagery, discontinuities, and incongruities, and for the dreamer"s delusional acceptance of the content and later obstacles remembering it105
5332735995Manifest Contentaccording come Freud, the mental story line of a dream106
5332735996Latent Contentaccording come Freud, the underlying definition of a dream107
5332735997REM Reboundthe tendency for REM sleep come increase complying with REM sleep deprivation (created by repetitive awakenings during REM sleep)108
5332735998Hypnosisa social interaction in which one human (the hypnotist) suggests to another (the subject) that specific perceptions, feelings, thoughts, or actions will spontaneously occur109
5332735999Posthypnotic Suggestiona suggestion, made during a hypnosis session, to be brought out ~ the topic is no longer hypnotized; offered by part clinicians to assist control undesired symptoms and behaviors110
5332736000Dissociationa split in consciousness, which allows some thought and also behaviors to take place simultaneously with others111
5332736001Psychoactive Druga chemistry substance that changes perceptions and moods112
5332736002Tolerancethe diminishing result with regular use the the very same does of a drug, requiring the user to take larger and also larger doses prior to experiencing the drug"s effect113
5332736003Withdrawalthe discomfort and also distress that follow discontinuing the usage of an addictive drug114
5332736004Physical Dependencea physiological need for a drug, significant by unpleasant withdrawal symptoms once the medicine is discontinued115
5332736005Psychological Dependencea psychological must use a drug, such as to relieve an adverse emotions116
5332736006Addictioncompulsive drug craving and also use, in spite of adverse consequences117
5332736007Barbituratesdrugs the depress the task of the central nervous system, to reduce anxiety but impairing memory and judgement118
5332736008Opiatesopium and also its derivatives such together morphine and heroin; they boring neural activity, temporarily lessening pain and anxiety119
5332736009Stimulantsdrugs the excite neural activity and accelerated body functions120
5332736010Amphetaminesdrugs that stimulate neural activity, leading to speeded-up human body functions and also associated energy and also mood changes121
5332736011Methamphetaminea powerfully addictive drug that stimulates the main nervous system, v speeded-up body functions and also associated energy and also mood changes; end time, appears to alleviate baseline dopamine levels122
5332736012Ecstasy (MDMA)a man-made stimulant and also mild hallucinogen. To produce euphoria and also social intimacy, but with short-term health and wellness risks and also longer-term damage to serotonin-producing neurons and to the atmosphere cognition123
5332736013LSDa an effective halucinogenic drug; likewise known together acid124
5332736014Hallucinogenspsychedelic ("mind-manifesting") drugs, such together LSD, the distort perceptions and evoke sensory images in the absence of sensory input125
5332736015Depressantsdrugs that alleviate neural activity and slow body functions126
5332736016Near-Death Experiencean transformed state of awareness reported after ~ a near brush with death; often comparable to drug-induced hallucinations127
5332736017THCthe significant active ingredient in marijuana; triggers a selection of effects, consisting of mild hallucinations128
5332736018stage 1irregular brain activity caused by unrememberable moments: experiences fantasy images, each other hallucinations, has twitches and also lasts 10 minutes129
5332736019stage 2is more relaxed yet has burst of rapid brain activity dubbed spindles. The separation, personal, instance is plainly asleep in this stage also though they have the right to be woken up: sleeptalking is in this stage130
5332736020stage 3the mind has sluggish delta waves which lasts because that 30 minutes, the body starts to it is in unresponsive and also the body"s line decreases131
5332736021stage 4very difficult stage to it is in woken increase from, the person doesn"t psychic the stage, sleeptalking, walking and wetters are in this stage132
5332736022when do dreams occurREM133
53327360234 reasons for why we have to sleep?protection, recuperate/restore and also repair brain tissue, memory, growth134
5332736024Preconsciousin Freud"s theory, the level of consciousness in i m sorry thoughts and feelings space not mindful but are conveniently retrieveable to consciousness135
5332736025Nonconsciousthe level of consciousness committed to processes completely unavailable to aware awareness (e.g., fingernails growing, blood flow)136
5332736026PsychodyanmicFree combination "saying noþeles that comes to mind"the importance of unconscious influences, beforehand life experiences, and interpersonal relationship ships explaining behavior or in treating world with emotional problems137
5332736027Unconscious(Subconscious)According to Freud, a reservoir of greatly unacceptable thoughts, wishes, feelings, and memories. Follow to modern-day psychologists, information processing of i beg your pardon we room unaware.Freud"s level of mental life that is composed of mental activities beyond people"s typical awareness.138
5332736028Cognitive Psychologistsare mostly interested in thinking. That want to know exactly how reasoning, problem solving, memory, and also other mental processes called to computer system game playing.Believe unconscious processes details of which you space unaware139
5332736029Dual Processingthe principle that information is frequently simultaneously processed on different conscious and unconscious tracks.140
5332736030Unconsciousnessthe condition of not being alarm or conscious of your surroundings141
5332736031Consciousnessour awareness the ourselves and also our environmentcan be transformed by sleep, hypnosis, mediation, and also drugs142
5332736032HypothalamusA neural structure lying listed below the thalamus; that directs number of maintenance activities (eating, drinking, body temperature), help govern the endocrine system via the pituitary gland, and is connected to emotion and reward.controls organic clock143
5332736033Circadian RhythmsInternally created patterns of body functions, consisting of hormonal signals, sleep, blood pressure, and temperature regulation, i beg your pardon have roughly a 24-hour cycle and also occur also in the absence of regular cues around whether the is job or night144
5332736034Reticular FormationA nerve network in the brainstem the plays vital role in managing arousal.145
5332736035ForebrainReticular FormationThalamusInvolved in alters in wakefulness, arousal, and also attention146
5332736036Evolutionary PsychologistsSay that humans evolved unique waking-sleep cycle as result of natural an option that maximized possibility of survival147
5332736037Sleep"s restorative functionProtein synthetic throughout bodymaintaining plasticity of neural connections148
5332736038Plasticity of neural connectionsability to it is in moldedessential because that storing and also retrieving memory149
5332736039Consolidationunification; process of coming to be firmer or stronger; V. Consolidate: merge; strengthenputting together new memories and also thoughts through old150
5332736040Sleep Deprivationany far-ranging loss the sleep, resulting in difficulties in concentration and also irritabilityimpairs memory and immune system151
5332736041Sleepperiodic, herbal loss of consciousness--as unique from unconsciousness resulting from a coma, general anesthesia, or hibernationcomplex mix of says of consciousnessAmount us sleep alters as we age152
5332736042Electroencephalogram (EEG)reveal the mind waves adjust systematically transparent sleep cycles153
5332736043Conscious (awake)Beta waves once alertAlpha waves as soon as relaxed154
5332736044Beta WavesAlertness155
5332736045Alpha WavesRelaxed156
5332736046Hypnagogic Statea short transitional stage of sleep in which one may experience hallucinations and/or the emotion of falling(Between conscious and also sleep)157
5332736047Stage 1 Sleeptheta waves(higher in amplitude, reduced in frequency)
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5332736048Stage 2 SleepA sleep deeper 보다 that of phase 1, characterized by a slower, an ext regular wave pattern, in addition to momentary disturbances of "sleep spindles." (high frequency bursts) and also K complexes
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5332736049Stage 3 SleepSlow wave sleep; large-amplitude delta waves begin appearing; transition stage.Delta Waves, high amplitude, low frequency160
5332736050Stage 4 SleepThe deepest phase of sleep, throughout which us are least responsive to exterior stimulation. Love rate, respiration, temperature, and also blood flow to brain reduced.Secrete growth hormone161
5332736051Non-Rem (NREM) SleepSleep stages 1, 2, 3, and also 4 the involve no quick eye movement162
5332736052Order the Sleep Stages1,2,3,4,3,2,REM163
5332736053REM SleepRapid eye activity sleep, a recurring sleep stage during which lively dreams typically occur. Additionally known as paradoxical sleep, because the muscle are peaceful (except for minor twitches) yet other human body systems room active.164
5332736054Stage 250% that sleep is in this stage165
5332736055Deep SleepIn support of the restorative function of sleep, countless of the body"s cells display increased production and also reduced malfunction of proteins throughout .......166
5332736056NightmaresAnxiety-arousing dreams that lead to awakening, generally from REM sleep.167
5332736057DreamingA mental state that commonly occurs throughout sleep that features visual imageryREM Sleep75% occurs in REM (longer/vivid), mental experience starts to change to dreamlike state after phase 2168
5332736058Lucid DreamingBeing conscious of her dreaming and also being may be to regulate the storyline.169
5332736059FruedDreams showcase unconscious desires and also reveal keys of the unconscious part of the psychic unknown to the conscious component of the mind.170
5332736060Manifest Contentaccording come Freud, the remembered story line of a dream171
5332736061Latent Contentaccording to Freud, the underlying an interpretation of a dream172
5332736062Robert Mccarley and J Alen HobsonActivation synthetic theory173
5332736063Activation synthesis TheroyTheory that proposes that perhaps desires are nothing much more than the brain interpretations that what is keep going physiologically during REM sleep.174
5332736064PonsA brain structure that relays info from the cerebellum come the remainder of the brainGenerate bursts of activity potential to forebrain i m sorry is activation175
5332736065Cognitive view of SleepDuring sleep, information from external people is reduced off. Only human being that mind can design is the one native memories and experiences that have the right to be activated by electric impulses discharged from brain176
5332736066REM reboundthe tendency for REM sleep to increase adhering to REM sleep deprivation (created by repetitive awakenings during REM sleep)`177
5332736067InsomniaRecurring troubles in falling or staying asleep.178
5332736068NarcolepsyA sleep disorder defined by uncontrollable sleep attacks. The sufferer might lapse directly into REM sleep, regularly at inopportune times.

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5332736069Sleep Apneaa sleep disorder characterized by short-lived cessations that breathing during sleep and repeated short-term awakenings180
5332736070Night Terrorsa sleep disorder identified by high arousal and an appearance of being terrified; uneven nightmares, night terrors occur throughout Stage 4 sleep, within two or three hours of fallout’s asleep, and also are hardly ever remembered181
5332736071SleepwalkingsomnambulismA phenomenon primarily arising in non-REM sleep in which people walk when asleep.Sleep phase 4182
5332736072HypnosisAltered state of consciousness identified by deep relaxation and also heightened suggestibilitysubjects can readjust aspects that reality and let the transforms influence behavior183
5332736073DissociationA split in consciousness, which enables some thoughts and behaviors to take place simultaneously v others.Hypnotized people might endure two or much more streams of mindful cutoff from each other184
5332736074Ernest hilgradpioneering hypnosis researcher and also advocate of the divided consciousness theory of hypnosis185
5332736075Divided Consciousness concept of Hypnosisa state the awareness defined by divided attention to 2 or an ext tasks or tasks performed at the very same time186
5332736076Posthypnotic Suggestiona suggestion, made during a hypnosis session, come be lugged out ~ the subject is no much longer hypnotized; supplied by some clinicians to assist control undesired symptoms and behaviors187
5332736077MeditationAn intentional, self-produced state of awareness induced by relaxing and also systematically changing attention away from day-to-day concerns.EEG"s the meditators present alpha wave attributes of serene awareness188
5332736078Physiological changes by Meditationlowered blood pressureindicate activation that parasympathetic worried systemincreased feeling of wellbeing189
5332736079Psychoactive Drugschemicals that affect the central nervous system and alter task in the braincan pass through the blood brain barrier to transform perceptioncan inhibit or stimulate different regions of brain by interacting with neurotransmitters190
5332736080Blood brain BarrierThe mind is safeguarded from harmful chemicals in the blood currently by more thickness walls bordering the brain blood vessels.191
5332736081ToleranceA steady decrease in a person"s responsiveness come a drug.partly depends on environmental stimuli192
5332736082Withdrawal SymptomsThe Reaction experienced once a substance abuser stops using a drug v dependence propertiesintense craving because that drug and effects opposite come those the drug normally induces193
5332736083Physiological dependence or Addictiona problem in i m sorry the user has actually a chemical need for the drugdevelops when transforms in brain chemistry from acquisition the drug necessitate acquisition the medicine again to avoid withdrawal symptoms194
5332736084Drug categoriesDepressantsNarcoticsStimulantsHallucinogens195
5332736085DepressantsDrugs (such together alcohol, barbiturates, and also opiates) that reduce neural task and sluggish body functions and also induce relaxation196
5332736086Barbiturates (depressant)drugs that depress the activity of the main nervous system, reducing anxiety yet impairing memory and also judgmentSecobarbital (Seconal) and phenobarbital(Luminal)sedatives taken to induce sleep and prevent seizures197
5332736087Tranquilizers (depressant)Benzodiazepines Valine, Xanax, and also Rohypnol(roofies day RAPE DRUGS) and also quaaludesrelieve anxietyinduce sleepprevent seizure198
5332736088Alcohol (depressant)most researches psychoactive drugacts in ~ reticular formation, spinal cord cerebellum, and also cerebral cortex and also neurotransmitter systemsincreases infection of GABAdecreases Acetylcholineincreases beta endorphinsdepresses task of frontal lobeWithdrawal symptoms: tremors, seizures, sleep issues, nausea, hallucinations199
5332736089NarcoticsSpecific drugs that room obtainable just by prescription and also are used to relieve painanalgesics (pain reducers)depress central nervous system and also respiratory systemInclude: Opiates and synthetic opiates prefer codeine, heroin, morphine, minus percodan, Darvon, talwian, demerolinduces feeling of euphoria, relieve pain and induce sleepsimilar come endorphins200
5332736090Opiatesopium and its derivatives, such as morphine and also heroin; they boring neural activity, in the interim lessening pain and anxietyphysically and also psychologically addictive201
5332736091StimulantsPsychoactive drugs the activate motivational centers and also reduce activity in inhibitory centers for main nervous system by increase task of serotonin dopamine and also norepinephrineInclude: caffeine, cocaine , amphetamines, and also nicotinetreat hyperactivity and also narcolepsy202
5332736092Amphetamines (stimulants)methamphetaminebenzedrineritalinephedraecstacy (MDMA)stimulate the sympathetic nervous system and speed up metabolism reduce appetite203
5332736093Hallucinogenspsychedelicsalter moodsdistort perceptionsevoke sensory images in lack of sensory inputInclude LSD, PCP, THC, shrooms, and also peyote204