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You are watching: Beethoven is considered by some to be the supreme architect in music.
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Germale composer and also organist. Persuaded Beethoven’s father to permit him to teach the young composer. Oldest child of Johann van Beethrange and Maria Magdelena Beethoven. His mommy was very kind and demure. His father was extremely cold and also tyrannical. Father was an organist and second rate tenor in the court chapel of the highborn prince max Friedwell-off. Father was a bad alcoholic. He was oppressive as soon as drunk. He was relieved of his duties with the chapel due to his drunkenness. Young Beethstove took his fathers location as the replacement key-board player and also as a replacement singer for his father once his father was also drunk to carry out his task. In the end he reput his father in the position at the age of 12. Beethoven’s father insisted upon being the young composer’s just teacher. Taught him clavier: piano, and violin. His father was a harsh teacher. Harsh punishments for not percreating perfectly. His teaching abilities were not as great as other teachers. He had actually no patience for his son’s mistakes. Would beat him for not submitting. Would lock him in a cellar for not practicing sufficient. His father’s harshness coupled through his alcoholism brought about aided to ruin the family life. Beethrange felt that it was up to him to save the household. Beethoven and also Patronage Beethstove manipulated the patronage system so that he might live more freely. Gave music lessons to rich family members. Sold music to many kind of publishers. Even as soon as Napoleon was threatening the whole survival of continental Europeans, Beethstove had contacts via publishers in England also that would proceed to publish his music. Beethoven: Patronage Invited right into the residences of the aristocracy. Treated as an equal to the aristocracy. Believed that one must be treated as an equal if music is to be produced. As deafness sets in he returns to the piano sonata and the string quartet. Two genres he is most comfortable with.
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1. Ludwig Van Beethcooktop 1770-1827 Born in Bonn Died in Vienna Third member of the excellent Vien..." target="_blank"> 2. Ludwig Van Beethoven Third member of the great Viennese masters The great transitional composer By the moment he was 35 years old he was the the majority of important composer in the human being Father and also Grandfather were musicians. 4. Childhood Father and also Grandfather were musicians. Father was Ludwig’s initially music teacher. His father was an alcoholic Supported his family members as a kid Showed an interemainder in composing very early on “ Louis van Beethoven… a boy of 11 years and also a most..." target="_blank"> 5. “ Louis van Beethoven… a boy of 11 years and also a most promising talent. He plays the clavier incredibly skilltotally and through power, reads at sight exceptionally well… This youthful genius is deserving of assist to permit him to take a trip. He would certainly sudepend end up being a 2nd Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart were he to continue as he has actually started.” – Christian Gottlob Neefe Beethstove checked out Vienna, Austria t..." target="_blank"> 6. Young adulthood Beethoven went to Vienna, Austria to learn more about creating when he was 17. He played for Mozart He had actually to rerotate home when his mommy died, and also assist raise his brothers. When Beethstove was 22 (1792), he m..." target="_blank"> 7. Return to Vienna When Beethcooktop was 22 (1792), he relocated to Austria and also never went back to Germany kind of. He stupassed away through Haydn True, it’s “van,” not the aristocratic “von,” yet ..." target="_blank"> 8. True, it’s “van,” not the aristocratic “von,” but if someone incorrectly thinks I’m a “von” of imperial blood I certainly won’t correct him. Ludwig Van Beethrange Patronage is gone. Besides..." target="_blank"> 9. Beethoven and Patronage Patronage is gone. Besides, Beethcooktop taken into consideration himself equal to, not the servant of, any type of noble! made his living by: selling compositions to publishers concertizing as a pianist 1 st musician to make a living practically specifically through complace Beethstove was not basic to be approximately..." target="_blank"> 10. His temperament Beethoven was not simple to be roughly. He had a temper, and he was exceptionally demanding. He would certainly obtain shed in his very own thoughts and also would get impatient via others as soon as they didn’t carry out what he assumed they have to do. He criticized various other musicians once they didn’t perform his pieces the way he wanted them to sound. His entirety life was exceptionally ‘stormy’ …there were many sad and discouraging times. “ But as it has actually been demonstra..." target="_blank"> 11. Beethoven’s Contract “ But as it has actually been demonstrated that just one as soon as he is cost-free from treatment as feasible deserve to devote himself to a single department of task and also develop functions of magnitude which are exalted and also which ennoble art, the undersigned have decided to place Herr Ludwig van Beethstove in a position wbelow the necessities of life shall not reason him embarrassment or clog his effective genius.” His Imperial Highness, Archduk..." target="_blank"> 12. Beethoven’s Contract His Imperial Highness, Archduke Rudolph 1500 florins The Highborn Prince Lobkowitz 700 florins The Highborn Prince Ferdinand also Kinsky 1800 Florins Total…. 4000 florins (150,000 USD) All Beethcooktop had actually to perform wregarding..." target="_blank"> 13. Beethoven’s Contract All Beethoven had actually to do was to declare Vienna his home.” It is excellent to walk among the aristocracy, yet first you must MAKE them respect you.” the the majority of virtuosic in Europe..." target="_blank"> 14. Beethoven, the pianist the most virtuosic in Europe dazzling technique and also power genius improviser a composer much music for piano piano is being developed cast iron frame (stronger, more powerful instrument) larger range (Beethcooktop composed notes that were not on present pianos, then told manufacturers to develop brand-new instruments) Beethrange started hearing buzzing ..." target="_blank"> 15. Losing his hearing Beethcooktop started hearing buzzing in his ears. At first he tried to hide his loss of hearing from his friends. He ongoing to write music when he was deaf. Beethoven tried many type of hearing devices, but none of them functioned. He might watch people’s lips to understand also what they were saying, or have them create in a notebook. Manifests itself as early on as 1796 16. Manifests itself as beforehand as 1796 By 1820 he can badepend hear Heiligenstadt Testament Letter Beethcooktop writes in 1802 Describes his disease and also his melancholy Beethoven’s Deafness “ Though born via a fiery, ac..." target="_blank"> 18. Beethoven’s Deafness “ Though born via a fiery, active temperament I was quickly to withdraw from society, to live a life alone. If at times I tried to forgain all this, oh how harshly was I flung ago by the doubly sad experience of my poor hearing. Yet it wasn’t possible for me to say to world, “Soptimal Louder, shout for I am deaf! Ah, how can I perhaps admit to an infirmity in the one feeling that should be even more perfect in me than in others, a sense that I once possessed in the greatest level.” “ How humiliated I have actually felt if somebody standing b..." target="_blank"> 19. “ How humiliated I have felt if somebody standing beside me heard the sound of a flute in the distance and also I heard nopoint...It is impossible for me to say to world, ‘Sheight louder, for I am deaf.’ How would it be feasible for me to admit to a weakness of the one sense that have to be perfect to a greater degree in me than in theirs. So foroffer me if you watch me draw ago from your firm which I would certainly so gladly share. I would certainly have finished my life. It was just my art that held me ago for it seemed impossible to leave the human being until I have actually lugged forth all that is within me.” — Beethstove Doctors poured warm mi..." target="_blank"> 20. Medical approaches ago then... Doctors poured warmth milk and crushed nuts in Beethoven’s ears, informing him that this would assist reclaim his hearing! Doctors rubbed Beethoven’s arms with an ointment till they blistered, then punctured and drained the blisters…telling him that this would certainly help restore his hearing! Man at some unmeant time in ..." target="_blank"> 21. Beethovenian Pathos Man at some unexpected time in his life will sink to the depths of his presence, right into the depths of chaos. It is just HE that have the right to make the decision to rotate the chaos into a triumphant victory. Rising out of the depths of humale chaos is humanity’s major job for survival. Shows up in music. 22. Beethovenian Pathos Shows up in music. Sense of despair. Sense of acceptance Sense of reconciliation Sense of victory over despair. “ I am readdressed to rise remarkable to eexceptionally obstacle...." target="_blank"> 23. “ I am refixed to climb premium to eincredibly obstacle. With whom require I be afrassist of measuring my own strength? I will take Fate by the throat. It shall not get over me. O just how beautiful it is to be alive—would certainly that I can live a thousand also times.” -Beethcooktop Beethcooktop passed away in Vienna, Austria..." target="_blank"> 24. Beethoven’s death Beethstove passed away in Vienna, Austria in 1827. Thousands of human being lined the roads during his funeral procession to pay tribute. Wrote many kind of functions for piano ..." target="_blank"> 25. Beethcooktop, the composer Wrote many kind of functions for piano Wrote music that forced advancement of the piano For years, his compositions drew blended reactions Critics and journalists hassled him Intellect, Intellect, Intellect. Why have to Herr Beethoven create such tough and complicated music? It sounds choose cats fighting! Cannot he create a decent singable melody? “ I carry my thoughts within me long, regularly incredibly lo..." target="_blank"> 26. “ I bring my thoughts within me lengthy, regularly extremely long prior to I create them dvery own. As I recognize what I want, the standard concept never deserts me. It mounts, it grows in stature. I hear, I view the photo in its totality extent standing every one of a piece before my heart, and there remains for me only the task of creating it dvery own.” -Beethoven 32 Piano Sonatas 27. Some of his Works 32 Piano Sonatas Moonlight Sonata Sonata Pathetique Fur Elise Fidelio (his only opera) 9 Symphonies Chdental Symphony …#9 (Ode to Joy) Beethoven’s 5th …#5 Pastorale …..#6 Supreme architect 28. Beethcooktop Symphonies Supreme architect Tied all motions right into a layout 5 th Fate versus hope 9 th F..." target="_blank"> 29. Beethstove Symphonies 9 th Finale Ode To Delight Archetypical Sonata All..." target="_blank"> 32. Symphony #5 C minor op. 67. Archetypical Sonata Allegro Form. Three note motive. Shows up throughout the whole symphony. What is this item about? Beet..." target="_blank"> 33. Beethoven Piano Sonata in C minor. Pathetique Beethovenian Pathos in each movement Dramatic top quality, sudden dynamic changes Adagio section that is hymn-choose 2 nd and 3 rd movements are in Rondo create Mvt.1 Slow intro ..." target="_blank"> 34. Beethovenian Pathos Mvt.1 Slow intro Tempo rubato Sense of sadness and then anger/ desperation as the music moves to the rapid area. Mvt. 2. Slow and also hymnl-ike 35. Beethovenian Pathos Mvt. 2. Slow and also hymnl-ike Sense of calm acceptance Familiar template Mvt. 3. Risi..." target="_blank"> 36. Beethovenian Pathos Mvt. 3. Rising out of chaos. Sounds of triumph. composed by evolving and revis..." target="_blank"> 37. Ludwig van Beethrange composed by evolving and revising musical ideas and also compositions kept notebooks of themes and also concepts B’s manuscripts, unprefer Mozart’s, are a MESS--a sea of cross-outs, arrows, re-writes, and so on Much of B’s music was written in deafness (full by age 29!) He can just hear the music in his head. functions are bigger, much longer, more facility TRANSITION composer: B’s last two complace periods and also styles clearly point the means to the coming Romanticism. composed for himself and also future, NOT for publishers or middle class industry For Beethrange music is a lot even more necessary to huguy presence than mere entertainment! 1. Early years a. Beethcooktop bor..." target="_blank"> 38. 1. Early years a. Beethstove born in Bonn b. Stupassed away under Christian Gottlob Neefe (1748-98) 1. Court organist at Bonn 2. Wrote Singspiels and also songs c. 1787: Quick visit to Vienna, might have played for Mozart d. 1790: Haydn hears Beethoven's music and urges the archbishop of Cologne to send him to Vienna 2. Vienna a. Beethcooktop moves to..." target="_blank"> 39. 2. Vienna a. Beethcooktop moves to Vienna in November of 1792 b. Studies via a number of composers 1. 1792-94: studied through Haydn 2. 1794: Johann Schenk (1753-1836): composer of Singspiels 3. 1794: Johann Georg Albrechtsberger: teaches Beethrange counterpoint 4. Antonio Salieri (1750-1825): teaches vocal composition 3. Compositional overwatch a. 9 ..." target="_blank"> 40. 3. Compositional overview a. 9 symphonies b. 11 overtures c. Incidental music to plays d. 1 violin concerto e. 5 piano concertos f. 16 string quartets g. 9 piano trios h. 10 vioin sonatas i. 5 cello sonatas j. 30 large piano sonatas k. Numerous piano variations l. 1 oratorio m. 1 opera n. 2 Masses (consisting of the Missa Solemnis in D) o. Arias, songs and 1 song cycle 1. Classical E..." target="_blank"> 41. His Musical Style: Three Periods 1. Classical Elements: Musical style learned at the hands of Mozart and Haydn. Use of sonata allegro create. Perfect style in his music. Balanced melodies. Diatonic Harmony 5. The "Three Periods" and also Beethoven Hist..." target="_blank"> 42. 5. The "Three Periods" and also Beethoven Historiography a. It is customary to divide Beethoven's functions into 3 durations on the basis of style and also chronology b. "Bonn" period is normally not taken into account 5. The "Three Periods" and also Beethstove Hist..." target="_blank"> 43. 5. The "Three Periods" and Beethoven Historiography (cont.) c. Periodic breakdown 1. Early Period in Vienna (1792-1802 ) Six String Quartets, Op.18/1-6 The first 10 piano sonatas (with Op.14) Symphonies 1 & 2 5. The "Three Periods" and Beethstove Hist..." target="_blank"> 44. 5. The "Three Periods" and also Beethcooktop Historiography (cont .) C. Periodic breakdvery own 2. Center Period: Beethoven's "Heroic" duration (1803-1816) Symphonies 3-8 - Egmont Coriolan overture - Fidelio Piano concertos in G and Eb - Violin concerto Piano sonatas via Op.90 String quartets:Op.59/1-3 ("Rasumovsky"), Op.74 ("Harp"), Op.95 ("Quartetto serioso") 5. The "Three Periods" and also Beethoven Hist..." target="_blank"> 45. 5. The "Three Periods" and Beethcooktop Historiography (cont.) c. Periodic breakdvery own 3. Late Period: Reflective and also introspective style ( 1817-1827) Last 5 piano sonatas Diabelli Variations Missa solemnis Sonatas 1. Op.2/1-3 (f,A,C): Pub..." target="_blank"> 46. Sonatas 1. Op.2/1-3 (f,A,C): Publ.1796 & Dedicated to Haydn 2. Op.7 (Eb): publ. in 1797 3. Op.10 No.1 (c min.) 4. Op.13 "Pathetique" sluggish mov't First Period Characteristic texture 1. Frequ..." target="_blank"> 47. Characteristic texture 1. Frequent usage of octaves 2. Thick piano writing First Period Contemporaries that might have actually affected Beethrange ..." target="_blank"> 48. Contemporaries that may have influenced Beethoven 1. Muzio Clementi (1752-1832) 2. Jan Ladislav Dussek (1760-1812) 3. Dussek's Grande Sonate, Op.44 "Les adieux" (Eb) publ.1800 might have actually affected Beethoven's Op.81a "Les adieux" of 1810 First Period Expanded functions. 49. Second Period Expanded functions. Form, melody, dynamics Explosive accents. Longer Movements in Symphonies Hymn-prefer calmness in his slower motions. A. Background B. Symphony no.3 (..." target="_blank"> 50. A. Background B. Symphony no.3 (Eb) "Eroica" C. Fidelio D. Piano Sonatas E. Piano Concertos Second Period A. Background 1. By 1803 Beethov..." target="_blank"> 51. A. Background 1. By 1803 Beethcooktop was known as the forea lot of pianis and also composer for piano 2. Patronage: differed from that of Mozart and Haydn, Beethrange was exceptionally independent, and drove a hard baracquire both through publishers and also patrons 2nd Period B. Symphony no.3 (Eb) "Eroica”: Composed in 18..." target="_blank"> 52. B. Symphony no.3 (Eb) "Eroica”: Composed in 1803 1. Originally dedicated to Napoleon however Beethcooktop tears up dedication once Napoleon declares himself Emperor in 1804. 1806 dedication "Heroic Symphony... to celebrate the memory of a good man" 2. Significance a. Expansive movements and extraplain length b. second mov't is a funeral march (C minor) c. fourth mov't is a set of variations (w/fugato episodes) 2nd Period C. Fidelio Compositional history..." target="_blank"> 53. C. Fidelio Compositional background a. Most problematic compostion as it was revised numrous times b. Composed initially in 1803, First perf. in Vienna in 1805 c. 1805-1806 - Originally has actually 3 acts but revises and also shortens to 2 acts - March 1806 perf. of this variation is automatically withattracted d. 1814 version: The first successful production (substantial revision) 2nd Period D. Piano Sonatas 1. Op.27/1-2: F..." target="_blank"> 54. D. Piano Sonatas 1. Op.27/1-2: From ca.1802 well-known as the "Moonlight" Sonata Each designated as "quasi una fantasia" 2. Op.53 (C) "Waldstein Sonata" and Op.57 (f) "Appassionata" Exemplary piano works of the middle duration Each is in three mov't scheme (fast-slow-fast) Formal schemes of the sonata, ronexecute and variation are stretched to the borders Second Period E. Piano Concertos 1. Composed c..." target="_blank"> 55. E. Piano Concertos 1. Composed concertos for his very own concert appearances 2. Piano concertos nos.1-3 (C,Bb,c) All date from at an early stage years in Vienna Concertos affected by Mozart 3. Violin Concerto, D maj. Op.61 (1806) 2nd Period A. Background 1. 1810-1815 as a ..." target="_blank"> 56. A. Background 1. 1810-1815 as a flourishing period for Beethstove 2. Health deteriorating, deafness worsening 3. Compositional output in the final years a. 1816-1821: last 5 piano sonatas b. 1822: Missa Solemnis c. 1823: Diabelli Variations d. 1824: Symphony no.9 e. 1825-26: String Quartets Third Period B. Characteristics of the late style -- Meditative ..." target="_blank"> 57. B. Characteristics of the late style -- Meditative top quality a. Manifest in the comprehensive development of themes b. Late use of variation develops --> thematic advance lengthier passperiods subjected to dev. quite than short bar-lengthy motives c. Variation techniques provided by Haydn, Mozart and also Beethstove Third Period B. Characteristics of the late style (Cont.) 58. B. Characteristics of the late style (Cont.) Meditative high quality (Cont.) e. Fugato and use of contrapuntal textures 1. Fugal activities a. Finales of Op.106 and 110 Piano Sonatas b. Grosse Fuge c. Gloria and Crecarry out of the Mass in D d. 2 double fugues in the finale of the 9th Symphony f. Use of nontypical movement plans 1. Op.111 Piano Sonata: 2 mov't 2. Op.131 String Quartet (C#min): 7 sections (mov't) Third Period C. Mass in D 1. Beethcooktop regard..." target="_blank"> 59. C. Mass in D 1. Beethstove pertained to the Mass as his best work-related 2. Mass as a single musical unity, a symphony in 5 mov't D. Ninth Symphony 1. Premiered on May 7, 1824 2. Huge attributes a. Chdental finale 1. Setting of Schiller's "Ode to Joy" 2. Beethrange selects stanzas around universal brotherhood of male b. Double fugue in the finale Third Period Chromatic harmonies. 60. Final period Chromatic harmonies. Easier to develop for Beethcooktop because of the fact that the hands did not have to move so much on the piano. Music? “Not for you.. For a later on time. Beethstove Symphony No. 5 in C..." target="_blank"> 67. LOG Beethcooktop Symphony No. 5 in C Minor, Op. 67 Symphony I = Standard symphony format IMP Romantic attributes cyclicism CA 1790 Music Journalism explode..." target="_blank"> 69. Music Journalism CA 1790 Music Journalism exploded on the European scene. Middle class people wanted to review esstates, analyses, and also objections around brand-new compositions, performers, instruments, concert halls, and so on (ANYTHING MUSIC!) They bought music newsdocuments, journals, and magazines by the millions. While these music rags loved and pelevated Beethoven’s pianistic virtuosity (until deafness curtailed his playing), they mercilessly and audaciously condemned most of his compositions! “Intellect, intellect, intellect!” Herr Beethoven’s music is as well facility. It isn’t musical entertainment; it’s intellectual “mind games.” Once aget Beethstove created somepoint that no one desires to hear. These invectives and journalistic fulminations bothered Beethoven a great deal. However before, he is recognized to have actually replied to at leastern one upbegin reporter, “Of course you don’t understand also it (implying the interviewer had actually neither the intelligence nor civilization view). I created the item for future generations. They will certainly understand also and also appreciate it.” He was correct. Sonata..." target="_blank"> 70. Symphony No. 5, Mvt. 1 Kamien, p. 193, CD #2 Sonata kind Exposition Advancement Recapitulation Coda T1 B T2 CT T1 B T2 Ct What? How? •••— motive What change from Expos? What instruments? What instruments? LONG! •••— New ideas 4. 1. 2. 3. Sonata kind 71. Symphony No. 5, Mvt. 1 Kamien, Sonata form Explace Advancement Recapitulation T1 B T2 CT T1 B T2 Ct What? How? •••— motive What change from Expos? What instruments? What instruments? LONG! •••— New principles This activity is UNIFIED l..." target="_blank"> 78. Symphony No. 5, Mvt. 1 This movement is UNIFIED prefer no previously piece had ever before been! Explace Growth Recapitulation Coda T1 B T2 CT T1 B T2 Ct What? •••— motive •••— motive •••— motive •••— motive Listen to entire piece I = contrasting essential “time ou..." target="_blank"> 79. Symphony No. 5, Mvt. 2 I = contrasting vital “time out,” lyrical double design template & variations (Why not a rondo?) A B A’ B’ A” (?) A’’’ Coda Ths A & B Mood? Instruments? I = scherzo (“joke”) minuet ..." target="_blank"> 80. Symphony No. 5, Mvt. 3 I = scherzo (“joke”) minuet & trio form & triple meter BUT character is rough and rollicking, not genteel •••— motive R A B A’ power level? Perceived tempo? Texture? Dynamic? Virtuoso double bass Listen fo..." target="_blank"> 81. Symphony No. 5 Bridge in between mvts. 3 & 4 Listen for: timpani: •••— motive R repetitive patterns--high strings ambiguous mode (How will certainly this symphony end?) C minor? (chaos, struggle, failure) C major? (victory, triumph, overcoming) Crescendo at finish leads to Mvt 4 Mvt 1: •••— motive provided in eextremely p..." target="_blank"> 83. Symphony No. 5 Mvt 1: •••— motive supplied in eincredibly component of sonata form Cyclicism : •••— motive used in Mvts 1, 3, 3-4 bridge, 4. (It is also obscudepend offered in mvt 2!!!) Mvts 3 & 4 tied together by ambiguous bridge Unified 1. Postponement of gratification, “emotional progre..." target="_blank"> 84. 1. Postponement of gratification, “emotional progression” 2. Conflict & battle idea of C minor 3. Symphony is more extremely combined than earlier ones 4. Symphony faces emovement , passion Symphony No. 5 Romantic Notions: Mvt. 1 Mvt. 2 Mvt. 3 Mvt. 4 C minor C Major Beethrange String Quartet in C..." target="_blank"> 85. LOG Beethcooktop String Quartet in C Minor, Op . 18, No. 4, Mvt. 4 String Quartet activity I = roncarry out String quartet = ?? What is the interpretation of Op. (opus)? Third..." target="_blank"> 90. Beethoven Violin Concerto in D Major, Op. 61. Third Movement: Written in 1806 From his initially and also second period of compositional duration. Development of a 5 note motive.