在GMAT当中,due to 必须是解释一个名词的原因,而不是一件事的原因,比如: due to the website traffic jam, i was late. 这里的due to就不对了,因为我们要解释的是后面整个句子,我迟到的 原因,不是 我 的原因,所以不符合要求,除非改成下面形式:

My lateness was as result of the web traffic jam. 解释了名词 lateness的原因

Because that the traffic jam , i was late.


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用 since of 可以解释一句话的原因

和due to 相同的还有就是 based on.. 也是只能说一个名词 based on, 比如OG的一个句子:The usage of the lied detectors was based upon the assumption.....这里是一个名词 (use)based on,但是我们不能修饰一件事based on,我们来看一道题目:

Based on documents from old Athens, every year young Athenian women collaborated come weave a new woolen robe that they supplied to dress a statue of the goddess Athena and also that this robe illustrated scenes that a fight between Zeus, Athena's father, and giants.

ABased on documents from old Athens, annually young Athenian ladies collaborated come weave a brand-new woolen robe the they provided to dress

BBased on records from ancient Athens, annually young Athenian women had actually collaborated come weave a new woolen robe v which to dress

CAccording to records from ancient Athens, each year young Athenian women collaborated come weave a brand-new woolen robe that they supplied to dress

DRecords from ancient Athens show that annually young Athenian women collaborated to weave a new woolen robe with which they dressed

ERecords from ancient Athens indicate each year young Athenian women had collaborated to weave a brand-new woolen robe because that dressing

这道题原句,based top top the records,是来修饰后面整个句子,而不是主语 women,是整件事基于这个记录,而不是women本身,所以这里based on使用错误,AB就被排除了。当然根据后面that从句平行还可以继续排除CE。

最后就是resulting from,它和上面二次词也是一样的,只能修饰某个名词,只能说某个名词是由于什么,一旦意思上是一件事由于什么,那么就又错了,那么考察resulting from的题目也非常多,以下是真题当中错误选项用的形式,我选几句话如下:

2001 verified to it is in the automaker's first losing year because 1992, as soon as the firm had shed $7.4 billion, generally resulting from virtually $7 exchange rate in accountancy charges.(错 是公司损失这么多钱这件事由于...不是某个名词)

orbits near Earth came to be littered more and more, frequently resulting native the intentional discarding that lens caps....(错,是orbits 被污染的越来越严重这件事的原因,不是某个名词的原因)

creatures the the seabed were enduring from dwindling food supplies, possibly resulting from raising sea surface temperatures throughout the exact same period.(错,是这件事的原因,不是某个名词的原因)

还有很多错误答案都是这样的表达,我就不一一举例了,反正你们也没几个人爱看我这个只有纯干货毫无噱头的公众号

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总之在GMAT当中,从出题人的角度出发,为了表达它们三个的讨厌,就会很少让它们以修饰一个名词的意思出现过,出现时候意思都是来修饰一件事的,所以它们三个出现在GMAT中一般就错误了。