Medically the evaluation by Carissa Stephens, R.N., CCRN, CPN — written by Erica Cirino — updated on June 28, 2017

You are watching: A priority nursing intervention for a client with hypervolemia involves which of the following?

What is hypervolemia?

Hypervolemia, also called fluid overload, is the condition of having actually too lot water in her body. If the body generally has a particular amount the fluids in it, as well much liquid can damage your health.

The indications of hypervolemia include:

discomfort in the body, causing cramping, headache, and also stomach bloatinghigh blood pressure brought about by excess liquid in the bloodstreamshortness that breath caused by extra fluid entering her lungs and also reducing your capacity to breath normallyheart problems, since excess fluid can speed up or sluggish your heart rate, injury your love muscles, and also increase the dimension of her heart

Often, it’s problems with your kidneys that reason hypervolemia. This is because the kidneys generally balance the quantity of salts and also fluids in your body. As soon as they retain salt, they increase the body’s total sodium content, which boosts your liquid content.

The most common reasons of hypervolemia include:

nephrotic syndrome, a disorder that reasons excess excretion the protein in the urinepremenstrual edema, or ede that occurs before a woman’s term cyclepregnancy, which alters a woman’s hormonal balance and also can an outcome in fluid retention
just how is hypervolemia diagnosed?

If you think you’re suffering hypervolemia, visit your doctor. They have the right to determine if you’re experiencing this condition.

First, your physician will conduct a physical exam. The an essential diagnostic signs of hypervolemia encompass weight gain and swelling. One or more parts of your body may show up swollen, depending upon whether or no you have been sitting, lying, or standing before your visit.

Your medical professional is additionally likely to perform a blood check to inspect your sodium levels. While her body’s full sodium levels will be increased if you have actually hypervolemia, your salt levels in the blood work may be high, normal, or low.

Performing a sodium test on her urine can aid determine if her kidneys are bring about your hypervolemia or if there is one more cause.

For renal failure, urinary salt content is frequently greater 보다 20 milliequivalents per liter (mEq/L), when in situations of heart failure, cirrhosis, and also nephrotic syndrome it will be less than 10 mEq/L.

have the right to hypervolemia cause other conditions to develop?

Untreated hypervolemia can cause several complications, few of which space life-threatening. This include:

heart fail delayed wound healingtissue breakdowndecreased bowel function
how is hypervolemia treated?

Treatment of hypervolemia differs from human to person depending upon the cause of the condition.

Generally, all people with hypervolemia get a round of diuretics, i beg your pardon are drugs that remove excess fluid.

In too much cases, a medical professional will introduce dialysis (fluid removal through the kidneys) and paracentesis (fluid removal with the belly).

Your doctor will additionally require you to restrict your dietary sodium intake.

What is the outlook because that hypervolemia?

While you recoup from hypervolemia, it’s essential to sweet yourself everyday to ensure you’re expelling the excess fluid in your body. Most civilization who stick to your doctor’s treatment plans make a full, rapid recovery. This crucial for preventing complications, i beg your pardon can injury your health.

Besides monitoring your weight, you deserve to prevent a recurrence of liquid overload by:

tracking your fluid intakefollowing the fluid intake accuse from your doctormanaging your thirst v sugar-free candies, ice chips, frozen grapes, and also other low-fluid, thirst-quenching foodsensuring you carry out not consume too much sodium

critical medically reviewed on June 27, 2017


Medically reviewed by Carissa Stephens, R.N., CCRN, CPN — created by Erica Cirino — update on June 28, 2017

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